CENTRAL GOVERNMENT SCHEMES
Shyama Prasad Mukherji Rurban Mission-2016
Launched: 21 February 2016
Main Objective: To create 300 rural clusters across the country and strengthen financial, job, and lifestyle facilities in rural areas.
Rurban Mission is a solution for both villages and cities in the country that would promote growth of villages and its residents at the place where they are. Under the mission, the government will identify and develop 300 rural clusters with urban like facilities in the next 3 years.
ABOUT COMPLETE SCHEME
The Shyama Prasad Mukherji Rurban Mission or SPMRM is a new initiative from the incumbent Modi government that aims to set up 300 rural clusters by 2020. This scheme is set to replace the Provision of Urban Amenities in Rural Areas (PURA) mission launched by the erstwhile UPA government. The scheme was launched in 2014-15 budget and was formally launched on 16th August 2015 by the Union Cabinet.
Benefits of Shyama Prasad Mukherji Rurban Mission
The aim of this scheme is to enhance the social, economic and infrastructural development in rural areas of the country. The scheme hopes to fulfil these goals through the following means:
1. Bridging urban-rural divide
2. Improving living standards of the rural populace
3. Reducing large scale migration from rural to urban areas
Features of SPMRM
The failure of the previous scheme called PURA by the government has been believed to have resulted from a voluntary basis participation, and that too only for the private sector. This seriously limited the scope of the original scheme and its effects were largely muted. Government participation was needed to spur the mission and affect lives of people in rural clusters.
The new scheme aims to involve the government also in implementation. As per the recommendation of states, the scheme will get implemented in suggested quarters. The Rural Development Ministry is also involved to ensure streamlining of the mission movement as well as implementation at the ground level.
The scheme is said to be inspired from the Gujarat model where the emphasis was on enhancing basic infrastructure such as roads, shelter, drinking water and power in rural clusters. The implementation of the Gujarat model was successful and its implementation on a national level is hoped to bring in better lives in for the rural populace.
Objectives of the scheme
The scheme comes with 14 objectives should mandatorily be covered.
1. Digital literacy
2. Skill development training
3. Road connectivity between villages
4. Establishment of mobile health units
5. E-gram connectivity
6. Citizen service centres
7. Public transportation services
8. Agro processing
9. LPG connections
10. Sanitation facilities
11. Storage and warehousing of agricultural outputs
12. Piped water supply
13. Enhancement of education establishments
14. Liquid and solid waste management