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UPSC PRELIMS QUESTION PAPERS

2006 PRELIMS ORIGINAL GS QUESTION PAPER

1.Who among the following laid the foundation of Rashtrakuta Empire?
       a) Amostghavarsha I   b) Dantidurga
       c)Dhruva                     d) Krishna I
Explanation-----------------------------------------------
Dantidurga laid the foundation of Rashtrakuta Empire. It’s original name was Dantivarman.
 
2. The initial design and construction of which massive  temple took place during the reign of Suryavarman II?
      a) Sri Mariamman Temple
      b) Angkor Vat Temple
      c) Batu Cavas Temple
      d)Kamakhya Temple
Explanation----------------------------------------------- 
Angkor vat temple was built in (1113-1150) by Suryavarman II in Combodia. The temple is dedicated to Lord Vishnu.
 
3. Which one of the following pairs is not correctly matched?
     a)States Reorganization Act: Andhra Pradesh
     b)Treaty of Yandabu: Assam
     c)State of Bilaspur: Himachal becomes a State
     d)Year 1966: Gujarat becomes a State
Explanation----------------------------------------------- 
Gujarat became a state on first may, 1960, It was carved out of Bombay (Northern part of Bombay where the majority was of Gujarati).
 
4. Consider the following statements:
      1.The Charter Act, 1853 abolished East India Company monopoly of Indian trade.
       2.  Under the government of India Act, 1858 the British Parliament abolished the East India Company altogether          
      and undertook the responsibility of ruling India directly.
Which of the statement(s) given above is/are correct?
       a) 1 only               b) 2 only
       c) Both 1 and 2    d) Neither  1nor 2
Explanation----------------------------------------------- 
The Charter Act, 1853 abolished East India company monopoly of Indian trade.  Hence, the answer is (b)
 
5. When Raja Wodeyar founded the Kingdom of Myore, who was the ruler of the Vijaynagar Empire?
      a)Sadasiva                b) Tirumala
      c) Ranga II                d) Venkata II
Explanation----------------------------------------------- 
When Raja Wodeyar founded the Kingdom of Mysore, Venkata II was the ruler of the Vijayanagar Empire.
 
6. Between which of the following was the ancient town of Takshasila located?
      a) Indus and Jhelum   b) Jhelum and Chenab
      c) Chenab and Ravi    d) Ravi and Beas
Explanation----------------------------------------------- 
Ancient town of Takshasila located between the Indus and Jhelum
 
7. With reference to the invaders in ancient India, which one of the following is the correct chronological order?
       a)   Greeks – Sakas – Kushanas
       b) Greeks – Kushanas – Sakas
       c)Sakas – Greeks – Kushanas
       d) Sakas – Kushanas – Greeks
Explanation----------------------------------------------- 
With referent to the invaders in ancient India, Greeks – Sakas – Kushans is the correct chronological order.
 
8. Consider the following statements:
       1. The Ikshvaku rulers of Southern India were antagonistic towards Buddhism
       2. The Pala Rulers of Eastern India were Patrons of Buddhism.
Which of the statement(s) given above is/are correct?
       a) 1 only            b) 2 only
       c) Both 1 and 2 d) Neither 1 nor 2
Explanation----------------------------------------------- 
The Ikshvaku rulers of Southern India were the supporters of Buddhism.  Hence, statement 1 is  incorrect and statement 2 is correct.
 
9. Which one of the following revolts was made famous by Bankim Chandra chatterjee in his novel ‘Annd Math’?
       a) Bhil uprising
       b) Rangpur and Dinapur uprising
       c) Bishnupar and Birbhum rebellion
       d) Sanyasi rebellion
Explanation----------------------------------------------- 
Sanyasi rebellion was made famous by Bankim Chandra Chatterjee in his novel ‘Anand Math’.
 
10. In the year 1613, where was the English East India Company given permission to set up a factory (trading post)?
       a) Bangalore      b) Madras
       c) Masulipattam d) Surat
Explanation----------------------------------------------- 
In the year 1613, in Surat the English East India Company was given permission to set up a factory (trading post).
 
 
11. With reference to the ‘revolt of the year’ who of the following was betrayed by ‘friend’ captured and put to death   
        by the British?
a) Nana Sahib               b) Kunwar Singh
c) Khan Bahadur Khan d) Tantia Tope
Explanation----------------------------------------------- 
With reference to the revolt of the year 1857, Tantia Tope was betrayed by a friend captured and put to death by the British.
 
12. Under whose presidency was the Lahore Session of the Indian Congress held in the year 1929, wherein a resolution was adopted to gain complete independence from the British?
      a) Bal Gangadhar Tilak
      b) Gopal Krishna Gokhale
      c) Jawaharlal Nehru
      d) Motilal Nehru
Explanation----------------------------------------------- 
Under Jawaharlal Nehru presidency was the Lahore Session of the Indian National Congress held in the year 1929, where in a resolution was adopted to gain complete independence from the British.
 
13. Which one of the following pairs is correctly matched?
      a)Vikramsila Monastery : Uttar Pradesh
      b)Hemkund Gurudwara : Himachal Pradesh
      c)Udayagiri Caves : Maharashtra
      d) Amaravati Buddhist Stupa : Andhra Pradesh
Explanation----------------------------------------------- 
        a) Vikramsila Monastery : Bihar
        b)Hemkand Gurudware : Uttaranchel
        c)Udayagiri : Orissa
 
   14. Assertion (A): Muhammad bin Tughlaq issued a new gold coin which was called Dinar by Ibn Batutah.
    Reason (R): Muhammad bin Tuhluq wanted to issue token currency in gold coins to promote trade with West        
    Asian and North African countries.
    Codes:
            a)Both A and R are individually true and R is the correct explanation of A.
            b)Both A and R are individually true but R is not the correct explanation of A.
            c)A is true but R is false.
            d) A is false but R is true.
Explanation----------------------------------------------- 
Statement A is correct, but R is false.  Hence the answer is c)
 
15. The Allahabad Pillar inscription is associated with which one of the following?
                  a) Mahapadma Nanda
                  b)  Chandragupta Maurya
                  c)  Ashoka
                  d) Samudragupta
Explanation----------------------------------------------- 
The Allahabad Pillar inscription is associated with Samudragupta.
 
16. Which one of the following is the correct chronological order of the Afghan rulers to the throne of Delhi?
         a) Sikandar Shah – Ibrahim Lodi – Bahlol Khan Lodi
         b) SIkandar Shah – Bahlol Khan Lodi or Lodin Ibrahim 
         c) Bahlol Khan Lodi or Lodin Sikandar Shah – Ibrahim Lodi of Lodin
         d) Bahlol Khan Lodi or Lodin Ibrahim Lodi or Lodin Sikandar Shah
    Explanation----------------------------------------------- 
    The correct chronological order of the Afghan rulers to the throne of Delhi is: Bahlol Khan lodi (1451 – 1489),         
   Sikandar Shah (1489 – 1517), Ibrahim Lodi (1517 – 1526).
 
17. Bhakta Tukaram was a contemporary of which Mughal emperor?
          a) Babar     b) Akbar
          c) Jehagir   d) Aurangzeb
Explanation----------------------------------------------- 
The period of Bhaki Tukaram is considered in between 1608 – 1649.
The period of Jehangir is 1605 – 1627.
The period of Shahjehan is 1627 – 1657.  Since there is no option of Shah Jahan, Jehangir is a better choice.
 
18. In Indian history, who was Abdul Hamid Lahori?
      a) An important military commander during Akbar reign.
      b) An official historian of the reign of Shah Jahan.
      c) An important noble and confident of Aurangzeb.
      d) A chronicler and poet during the reign of Muhammad Shah.
Explanation----------------------------------------------- 
Abdul Hamid Lahori was an official historian of the reign of shah Jahan.  He wrote the book ‘Padshah – Nama’.
 
19. Who was the Governor – General of India during the Sepoy Mutiny?
     a) Lord Canning  b) Lord Dalhousie
     c) Lord Hardings d) Lord Lytton
Explanation----------------------------------------------- 
Lord Caning was the Governor – General of India during the Sepoy Mutiny (1858 – 1862)
 
20. Consider the following statements about Madam Bhikaji Cama:
         1.Madam Cama unfurled the National Flag at the International Socialist Conference in Paris in the year 1907.
         2. Madam Cama served as private secretary to Dadabhai Naoroji.
         3. Madam Cama was born to Parsi.
 Which of the statement(s) given above is/are correct?
 a) 1,2 and 3       b)  2 and 3 only
c) 1 and 2 only   d)  3 only
Explanation----------------------------------------------- 
       Madam Cama unfurled the National flag at the International Socialist Conference in Stutt guard of Germany in the          
       year 1907.
 
21. Which portfolio was held by Dr. Rajendra Prasad in the Interim Government formed in the year 1946?
       a) Defence
       b) External Affairs and Commonwealth Relations
       c) Food and Agriculture
       d) None of the above
Explanation----------------------------------------------- 
Food and Agriculture portfolio was held by Dr. Rajendra Prasad in the Interim Government formed in the year 1946.
 
22. Match List I (Finding/Invention/Calculation) with List II (Ancient Indian Scholar) and select the correct answer using the codes given below the lists:
          List I                                          List II
A. Time taken by the 
earth to orbit the sun                      1.Aryabhatta
B. Calculation of the 
value of (pi)                                    2. Bhaskaracharya
C. Invention of the 
digit zero                                         3. Budhayana
D. The game of snakes
and ladders                                    4. Gyandev
Codes:
    A B C D
a) 2 4 1 3
b) 1 3 2 4
c) 2 3 1 4
d) 1 4 2 3
Explanation----------------------------------------------- 
     A. Time taken by the 
earth to orbit the sun 2. Bhaskaracharya
      B. Calculation of the 
value of (pi) 3. Budhayana
     C. Invention of the 
digit zero 1. Aryabhatta
      D. The game of snakes
and ladders 4. Gyandev
 
23. Recently Uttar Pradesh and Madhya Pradesh governments signed a memorandum of Understanding for the linking       
       of two rivers as a link project. Which are these two rivers?
      a) Betwa and Chambal     b) Betwa andKen
      c)Chambal and Son         d) Ken and Narmada
Explanation----------------------------------------------- 
Recently Uttar Pradesh Madhya Pradesh and Central Govt. signed the Memorandum of Understanding to link the rivers of Betwa and Ken.
 
24. Where is the Central Water and Power Research Station located?
         a) Khadakwasla    b) Sileru
         c)Jamnagar           d) Srisailam
Explanation----------------------------------------------- 
Central water and power research station was established in 1936 in Khadakwasla Pune (Maharashtra)
 
25. Projected and Development India Limited is mainly engaged in design engineering, procurement and supervision of  
      construction / commissioning in which area?
      a) Pharmaceutical plants
      b) Petroleum refineries and sugar factories
      c) Ship – building yards
      d) Fertilizer and allied chemical plants
Explanation----------------------------------------------- 
Projects and Development India Limited is mainly engaged in design engineering, procurement and supervision of construction/commissioning in Fertilizer and allied chemical plants.
 
26. Where is DAVOS, the venue of the annual meeting of World Economic Forum; located?
       a) France           b) Germany
       c) Switzerland    d)  Luxemburg
Explanation----------------------------------------------- 
DAVOS is a tower in East Switzerland where three events are organized yearly
       1. Spengler cup Ice Hockey
       2. Annual meeting of World Economic Forum
       3. Annual Meeting of Global Politics and Business Elites 
 
27. Consider the following statements:
        1. The Richter scale is a logarithmic scale and so an increase of 1 magnitude unit represents a factor of 10 times               
           in amplitude.
       2. Each integer reading of the Richter scale has an energy 100 times that the previous integer reading.
      Which of the statement(s) given above is/are correct?
        a)  1 only                b) 2 only
        c) Both 1 and 2       d) Neither 1 nor 2
 Explanation----------------------------------------------- 
 Each integer reading of the Richter scale has an energy 32 times that of the previous integer reading.  Hence,     
 statement (2) is not correct.  Statement (1) is correct
 
28. Consider the following statements:
       1.  Assam shares a border with Bhutan and Bangladesh.
       2. West Bengal shares a border with Bhutan and Nepal.
       3. Mizoram shares a border with Bangladesh and Myanmar.
Which of the statements given above are correct?
       a) 1,2 and 3       b) 1 and 2 only
       c)2 and 3 only    d) 1 and 3 only
Explanation----------------------------------------------- 
All the three statements given in the question are correct. Hence, the answer is (a) 
 
29. Match List I (Place of Archaeological Monument) with List II (State) and select the correct answer using the codes given below the lists:
                           List I                                      List II
     (Place of Archaeological Monument)         (State)
       A. Sisupalgarh                                       1. Assam
       B. Piprahwa                                           2. Manipur
       C. Goalpara                                           3. Orissa
       D. Bishnupur                                         4. Uttar Pradesh
Codes:
    A B C D
a) 2 4 1 3
b) 2 1 4 3
c) 3 4 1 2
d) 3 1 4 2
Explanation----------------------------------------------- 
List I List II
(Place of Archaeological Monument) (State)
       A. Sisupalgarh 3. Orissa 
        B.Piprahwa 4. Uttar Pradesh 
       C. Goalpara 1. Assam
       D.Bishnupur 2. Manipur
 
30. Consider the following statements:
      1. Sikkim has the minimum area among the 28 Indian states (Delhi and Pondicherry not included)
      2. Chandigarh has the highest literacy rate among Pondicherry, National Capital Territory of Delhi and other Union 
      Territories.
      3. Maharashtra has the highest population after Uttar Pradesh among the 28 Indian States (Delhi and Pondicherry        
      not included)
Which of the statement(s) given above is/are correct?
        a) 1 and 2    b) 2 and 3
        c)1 only        d) 3 only
Explanation----------------------------------------------- 
Statement 3 is correct only. The minimum area is of Goa and that is 3702 sq.km.  the area of Sikkim is 7096 sq.km.  highest Literacy rate among the Union Territories is of Lakshadweep that is 86.7% (for Chandigarh it is 81.9%).
 
31. Match List I (Centre of Handicrafts) with List II (States) and select the correct answer using the codes given below the lists:
                         List I                   List II
           (Centre of Handicrafts)    (States)
       A. Mon                                1. Arunachal Pradesh
       B. Nalbari                            2. Assam
       C.Nasighat                          3. Meghalya
       D.Tura                                 4. Nagaland
Codes:
    A B C D
a) 4 2 1 3
b) 1 3 4 2
c) 4 3 1 2
d) 1 2 4 3
Explanation----------------------------------------------- 
List I List II
(Centre of Handicrafts) (States)
A. Mon 4. Nagaland 
B. Nalbari 2. Assam
C. Nasighat 1. Arunachal Pradesh 
D. Tura 3. Meghalya
 
32. In which State is the Rajiv Gandhi National Institute of Youth Development located?
      a) Tamil Nadu            b) Karnataka
      c)Himachal Pradesh  d) Uttaranchal
Explanation----------------------------------------------- 
Rajiv Gandhi National Institute of Youth Development located in Tamil Nadu.
 
33. In which one of the following oceans Diamantine Trench situated?
      a) Pacific Ocean   b) Atlantic Ocean
      c)Indian Ocean     d) Arctic Ocean
Explanation----------------------------------------------- 
Diamantine Trench is situated in Indian Ocean. This is the deepest trench in Indian Ocean.  The depth is 1040 m.
 
34. Consider the following statements:
      1. Petronet LNG Ltd.  is setting up another LNG terminal at Magalore.
      2. The Head Office of the Dredging Corporation of India is at Visakhapatnam.
      3. The Narwapahar Mine is operated by the Uranium Corporation of India Limited.
Which of the statements given above are correct?
       a) 1,2 and 3             b) 1 and 2, only
       c)2 and 3, only         d) 1 and 3 only
Explanation----------------------------------------------- 
All the three statements given in this question are correct. Hence the answer is (a) 
 
35. Assertion (A): The percentage of net Sown area in the total area of Andhra Pradesh is less as compared to that of       
      West Bengal.
Reason (R):  The soil of most of Andhra Pradesh is laterite.
Codes:
      a) Both A and R are individually true and R is the correct explanation of A.
      b) Both A and R are individually true but R is not the correct explanation of A.
      c) A is true but R is false.
      d) A is false but R is true.
Explanation----------------------------------------------- 
Statement A is correct and R is false.  Net sown area Andhra Pradesh = 40%
West Bengal = 60%
 
36. Assertion (A): To orbit around the sun the planet Mars takes lesser time than the time taken by the Earth.

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