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UPSC PRELIMS QUESTION PAPERS

2007 PRELIMS ORIGINAL GS QUESTION PAPER

1. Where is the famous Vijaya Vittala Temple, having its 56 carved pillars emitting musical notes located?
a) Belur  b) Bhadrachalam
c)Hampi d) Srirangam
Explanation----------------------------------------------- 
The famous Vijaya Vittala Temple, having its 56 carved pillars emitting musical notes, located at Hampi, the capital of Vijaynagar kingdom to the region of Krishnadevaraya.  Krishnadevaraya was regarded as the greatest of all the Vijaynagar rulers.  He built the famous temples of Krishnaswami, Hazara Ramaswami  and Vitthalaswami at Hampi.
 
2. Consider the following statements:
1. Jawaharlal Nehru was in his fourth term as the Prime Minister of India at the time of his death.
2. Jawaharlal Nehru represented Rae Bareilly constituency as a Member of Parliament.
3. The first non – congress Prime Minister of India assumed the office in the year 1977.
Which of the statements given above is/are correct?
       a) 1 and 2    b) 3 only
      c)1 only        d) 1 and 3
Explanation----------------------------------------------- 
Jawaharlal Nehru became Prime Minister in 1947 for 1st term followed by an election in 1952 for 2nd term then election took place in 1957 and he became Prime Minister for 3rd term and finally after winning 1962 elections, he became Prime Minister for the 4th term and he died in 1964.  He never represented Rae – Bareilly and in fact he represented Phulpur constituency near Allahabad in Uttar Pradesh.  From March 24, 1977 to July 28, 1979 Morarji Desai served as Prime Minister as head of a multiparty front, Janta Praty, India’s first non – congress government. So, statement (1) and (3) is correct.  Hence, answer is (d)
 
3. Which one of the following was the first fort constructed by the british in India?
       a) Fort William    b) Fort St. George
       c)Fort St. David   d) Fort St. Angelo
Explanation----------------------------------------------- 
       (i) Fort William: Fort William was built under the supervision of Sir Charles Eyr in the year 1700.
       (ii) Fort. St. George: It is the first British fort of India, built in 1644 at the coastal city of Chennai.
      (iii) Fort St. David:  Previously, this fort was a Maratha property.  The fort was sold by the Marathas to the English         
      Indian Company in 1690.
      (iv) Fort Angelo:  It is also known as Kannur Fort.  The St. Angelo Fort of Kerala was built by the first Protuguese Viceroy Don Francisco De Alwida.  It was constructed in the year 1505.
 
  4. Consider the following statement:
      1. Robert Clive was the first Governor – General of Bengal.
      2. William Bentinck was the first Governor- General of Bengal.
    Which of the statements given above is/are correct?
       a) 1 only              b) 2 only
       c)Both 1 and 2    d) Neither 1 nor 2
Explanation----------------------------------------------- 
According to Regulating Act of 1773, Warren Hastings was the first Governor – General of Bengal.  This provision was changed through Charter Act of 1833, according to which Lord William Bentinck was made the first Governor – General of India.  Thus, the first statement is wrong and the second is correct.
 
5. Who, among the following Europeans, were the last to come to pre – independence India as traders?
       a) Dutch    b) English
       c)French   d) Portuguese
Explanation----------------------------------------------- 
Time line of Europeans who came to Pre independent India as traders are:
(i)  Dutch – 1602 AD (1st factory was established in Masulipattanam in 1605 AD)
        (ii)  English – 1600 AD  (1st factory was established in 1608 in Surat)
(iii)  French – 1664 AD (1st factory was established in 1668 in Surat)
        (iv)  Protuguese – 1498 AD (1st factory was established in Cochin in 1503 AD)
 
6. The ruler of which one of the following states was removed from power by the British on the pretext of misgovernance?
      a) Awadh    b) Jhansi
      c)Nagpur   d) Satara
Explanation----------------------------------------------- 
Lord Dalhousie annexed other states like Satara, Nagpur, Jhansi etc on the pretext of Doctrine of Lapse.  But Nawab Wazid Ali Shah had many children. So, Dalhousie just annexed Awadh on the pretext of Misrule in 1856.
 
7. Who, among the following, started the newspaper Shome Prakash?
      a) Dayanand Saraswati
      b) Ishwar Chandra Vidyasagar
      c) Raja Rammohan Roy
      d) Surendranath Banerjee
Explanation----------------------------------------------- 
Shome Prakash, the first Bengali political paper was published by Dwarka nath Vidyabhusan in 1858 at Calcutta.  But Shome Prakash newspaper was published by Iswar Chandra Vidyasagar in 1898. Born in 1820 in Bengal, Vidyasagar’s contribution is many sided.  He worked for the upliftment of women.  His efforts that led to the Act of Widow Remarriage (1856).  After it Vidyasagar continued his reform movement, directing it against polygamy and later child marriage and finally recurred an age of consent Act in 1860 and fixed the age of consent for the consummation of marriage at 10 years for women.  It was raised to 12 by another legislation in 1891; but as census statistics show, child marriage continued to he a widely practiced social custom mong all the castes, high and low alike, well into the 20th century.  After 1870, Bengal was past its peak so far as reform movement was concerned; it was western and southern India, which were to see more activity in this direction.
 
8. At which one of the following places did Mahatma Gandhi first start his Satyagraha in India?
    a) Ahmedabad    b) Bardoli
    c) Champaran    d) Kheda
Explanation----------------------------------------------- 
At Champaran, Mahatma Gandhi first started his Satyagraha in India.  Rajkumar Shukla invited Gandhi form Lucknow and mobilization of peasanty was done by rajkumar Shukla, Saint Raut, Khendar Rai, local mahajans and traders, village Mokhtara and village school teachers such as Pir Mohammad, Harbans Sahay.  Open inquiry was start village constructoin worm.  In this movement, Rajendra Prasad, A.N.Singh, J.B. Kriplani also supported him in Champaran.  It leads to abolition of Tinkathia system, where earlier peasant had to grow indigo on 3/20 part of their land.
 
9. Which one of the following aroused a wave of population indignation that led to the amssacre by the British at       
      Jallianwala Bagh?
       a) The Arms Act      b) The Public Safery Act
       c)The Rowlatt Act   d) The Vernacular Press Act
Explanation----------------------------------------------- 
Jallianwala Bagh Massacre took place on April 13, 1919. People had gathered in Jallianwala Bagh to protest against the arrest of Dr. Satyapaul and Kitchlew, during Anti – Rowlatt Act agitatino. On the Baisakhi Day of April 13, 1919 a peacefrul unarmed crowd, consisting mostly of villagers who had come for a fair and were not aware of  the ban on meeting was fired upon without any warnign and Provocation by Dyer’s troops, in Jallianwala Bagh, a park enclosed from all sides. The frutality at Jallianwala Bagh stunned the entire nation.  The response did not come immediately, but a little later.  Mahatma Gandhi withdrew the movement on april 18 calling it a ‘Himalaya blunder’.  Since then, Gandhi became extremely wary about starting movements without adequate organisational and ideological preparation.  Rabindranath Tagore, voicing the agony and anger of the nation, through a famous letter renounced his knight hood (may 30, 1919).  Gandhi returned the “Kaiser – i – Hind” medal given to him for his work during the Boer war.
 
10. Who wrote the book – “The story of the integration of the indian states”?
       a) B.N.Rao               b) C.Rajagopalachari
c)Krishna Menon          d) V.P. Menon
Explanation----------------------------------------------- 
Vapal Panguni Menon, also known as V.P. Menon, was an Indian Civil Servant, who played a vital role in the partition of India and the integration of independent India, during the period 1945 – 1950.  The son of school headmaster in Kerala, Menon had begun as a clerk in the Indain Civil Service, but working assiduously hard, Menon rose through the rnaks to become the highest serving Indian officer in British India.  In 1946, he was appointed Political Reforms Commissioner to the British Viceroy.  V.P. Menon wrote the book – “The Story of the Integration of the Indian states”.
 
11. Assertion (A): According to the Wavell Plan, the number of Hindu and Muslim member in the Executive Council       
      were to be equal.
    Reason (R): Wavell thought that this arrangement would have avoided the partition of India.
    Codes:
      a)Both A and R are individually true and R is the correct explanation of A.
      b) Both A and R are individually true but R is not the correct explanation of A
      c) A is true but R is false
      d) A is false but R is true
Explanation----------------------------------------------- 
Plan proposed by Wavell in Shimla conference held in 1945, is called Wavell Plan.  Under this plan, India was to be granted Dominion status in the near future.  The Indians would themselves draft the constitution.  The Hindu and the Muslim would be equally represented besides the members of the scheduled castes and depressed classes.  The position of secretary of state and the viceroy would remain the same.  The viceroy would retain his power of Veto.  But these proposals were not to be applied to the Indian states.  The plan was rejected by the Muslim league.  So Assertion (A) is correct but Reason (R) is false, hence answer (c) is correct.
 
12. Which one of the following places was associated with Acharya Vinoba Bhave’s Bhoodan Movement at the beginning of the movement?
      a) Udaygiri                b) Rapur 
     c)Pochampali            d) Venkatagiri
Explanation----------------------------------------------- 
Vinoba Bhave organized Sarvodaya Samaj to bring about non – violent social transformation through land reforms with the willing cooperation of landowners.  Large landowners were persuaded to gift atleast one – sixth of their land.  On 18th April 1951, the first donation of land took place in a village called pochampalli in Telengana, Andhra Pradesh.  But it was most successful mainly in Orissa.
 
13. Who, among the following, wrote the book ‘Bahubivah’?
        a) Raja Rammohan Roy
        b) Ishwar Chandra Vidyasagar
        c) Pandita Ramabai
        d) Rabindranath Tagore
Explanation----------------------------------------------- 
Ishwar Chandra Vidyasagar wrote the book ‘Bahubivah’. A well – known and an active social reformer of the 19th century was Vidyasagar.  He was a Sanskrit scholar, and helped in a struggle for securing woman their rights. He opposed caste evils and priestly domination as well.  In 1850, he protested against child marriage and in 1856, in Kolkata, he supervised the first lawful widow re-marriage. He ran as many as 35 girls schools, most of them at his own expense.
 
14. The first Factory Act for restricting the working hours of women and children, and authorizing local government to make necessary rules was adopted during whose time?
        a) Lord Lytton   b) Lord Bentinck
        c)Lord Ripon     d) Lord Canning
 
15. The song ‘Amar Sonar Bangla’ written during the Swadeshi Movement of India inspired the liberation struggle of Bangladesh and was adopted as the National Anthem of Bangladesh.  Who wrote this song?
         a) Rajni Kanta Sen
         b) Dwijendralal Roy
         c) Mukunda Das
         d) Rabindranath Tagore
 
16.  Which one of the following National Highways passes through Maharashtra, Chhattisgarh and Orissa?
        a) NH 4       b) NH 5       c) NH 6     d) NH 7 
 
17.  In which one of the following cities is the Global Automotive Research Centre being set up?
     a) Chennai     b) Hydrebad
     c)Pune           d) Gurgaon
 
18. Consider the following statements:
1. Balaghat is known for its diamond mines.
2. Majhgawan is known for its diamond mines.
Which of the statements given above is/are correct?
      a) 1 only              b) 2 only
      c)Both 1 and 2   d) Neither 1 nor 2
 
 19. Which one among the following states of India has the lowest density of population?
      a) Himachal Pradesh  b) Meghalaya
      c)Arunachal Pradesh  d) Sikkim
 
20. Which one of the following rivers originates at Amarkantak?
       a) Damodar                 b) Mahnadi
       c)Narmada                  d) Tapti
 
21. Which one among the following major Indian cities is most eastward located?
       a) Hyderabad     b) Bhopal
       c)Lucknow          d) Benguluru (Bangalore) 
 
22. Out of the four southern states: Andhra Pradesh, Karnataka, Kerala and Tamil Nadu, which shares boundaries with        
       the maximum number of Indian states?
       a) Andhra Pradesh only
       b) Karnataka only
       c) Each of Andhra Pradesh and Karnataka
       d) Each of Tamil Nadu and Kerala
 
23. In which state is the Guru Shikhar Peak located?
        a) Rajasthan             b) Gujarat
        c)Madhya Pradesh  d) Maharashtra
 
24. Which one of the following Himalayan Passes was reopened around in the middle of the year 2006 to facilitate   
       trade between India and china?
       a) Chang La    b) Jara La
       c)Nathu La     d) Shipki La
 
25. In which one of the following districts, have large reserves of diamond – bearing kimberlite been discovered in the 
       recent past?
       a) Hoshangabad    b) Raipur
       c)Sambalpur          d) Warangal
 
26. What is the average distance (approximate) between the Sun and the Earth?
        a) 70 x 105 km
        b) 100 x 105 km
        c) 110 x 106 km
        d) 150 x 106 km
 
27. Assertion (A): River Kalindi is an east – flowing river in the sourthern part of India.
Reason (R): The Deccan Plateau is higher along its western edge and gently slopes towards the Bay of Bengal in the east.
Codes:
       a) Both A and R are individually true and R is the correct explanation of A
       b) Both A and R are individually true but R is not the correct explanation of A
       c) A is true but R is false
       d) A is false but R is true
 
  28. Which one of the following is also known as Top Slip?
         a)  Simlipal National Park
         b) Periyar Wildlife Sanctuary
         c) Manjira Wildlife Sanctuary
         d) Indira Gandhi Wildlife Sanctuary and National Park 
 
   29. Shahgarh area in Jaisalmer district of Rajasthan was in news in the year 2006 because of which one of the 
         following?
            a) Finding high quality gas reserves 
            b) Finding uranium deposits
            c) Finding zinc deposits
            d) Installation of wind power units
 
30. Consider the following statements:
       1. In India, Red Panda is naturally found in the western Himalayas only.
       2.In India, slow Loris lives in the dense forests of the North East.
      Which of the statements given above is/are correct?
         a) 1 only             b) 2 only
         c) Both 1 and 2 d) Neither 1 nor 2
 
31. Match List I with List II and select the correct answer by using the codes given below lists:
             List I                 List II
       A. Betul              1. Indravati
       B. Jagdalpur      2. Narmada
       C. Jabalpur        3. Shipra
       D. Ujjain             4. Tapti
Codes:
    A B C D
a) 1 4 2 3
b) 4 1 2 3
c) 4 1 3 2
d) 1 4 3 2
 
32. Which one of the following is located in the Baster region?
       a) Bandhavgarh National Park
       b) Dandeli Snactuary
       c) Rajaji National Park
       d) Indravati National Park
 
33. Where are Shevory Hills located?
       a) Andhra Pradesh   b) Karnataka
       c) Kerala                     d) Tamil Nadu
 
34. Match List I with List  II and select the correct answer by using the codes given below the lists:
                List I                  List II
     A. Bangkok                1. Irrawaddy
     B. Phnom – Penh     2. Mekong
     C. Hanoi                     3. Menam (Chao Phraya)
      D. Yangon                  4. Red River
Codes:
    A B C D
a) 3 2 4 1
b) 4 1 3 2
c) 3 1 4 2
d) 4 2 3 1
 
35. Consider the following statements:
        1. Either  of the two belts over the oceans at about 300 to 350N and S Latitudes is known as Horse Latitude.
        2. Horse Latitudes are low-pressure belts.
       Which of the statements given above is/are correct?
         a) 1 only            b) 2 only
         c)Both 1 and 2  d) Neither 1 nor 2
 
36. Which one among the following rivers is the longest?
        a) Amazon               b) Amur
        c)Congo                   d) Lena
 
 37.  Dalbergia species is associated with which one of the following?
          a) Cashew nut    b) Coffee
          c)Tea                  d) Rosewood
 
38. The largest coral reef in the world is found near the coast of which one of the following countries?
       a) Australia    b) Cuba
       c) Ghana        d) Philippines
 
39. Consider the following statements:
        1. The annual range of temperature is greater in the Pacific Ocean than that in the Atlantic Ocean.
        2. The annual range of temperature is greater in the Northern Hemisphere than that in the Southern Hemisphere
     Which of the statements given above is/are correct?
          a) 1 only             b) 2 only
         c)Both 1 and 2   d) Neither 1 nor 2
 
40. Through which one of the following Straits, does a tunnel connect the United Kingdom and France?
      a) Davis Strait
      b) Denmark Strait
      c) Strait of Dover
      d) Strait of Gibraltar
 
41. Where is Copacabana Beach located?
      a) Buenos Aires     b) Hawalian Islands
      c)Rio de Janeiro    d) Valletta
 
42. Which one of the following countries is planning to construct a rival of the Panama Canal to link the Pacific and      
      Atlantic Oceans?
       a) Colombia    b) Costa Rica
       c) Guatemala  d) Nicaragua
 
43. Which one of the following cities does not have the same clock time as that of the other three cities at any given instant?
       a) London (UK)
       b) Lisbon (Portugal)
       c) Accra (Ghana)
       d) Addis Ababa (Ethiopia)
 
44. Assertion (A): There are no tea plantations in any African country.
         Reason(R): Tea plants need fertile soil with high humus. 
   Codes:
        a) Both A and R are individually true and R is the correct explanation of A
        b) Both A and R are individually true and R is not the correct explanation of A
        c) A is true but R is false
        d) A is false but R is true
 
45. The Stilwell Road, built in 1940s, which was recently in news, connects which of the following?
       a) Agartala in India and yangon in Myanmar via Bangladesh
       b) Ledo in India and Kunming in China via Myanmar
       c) Kalimpong in India and Bangkok in Tibet via Bhutan 
       d) Imphal in India and Bangkok in Thailand via Myanmar
 
46. Who was the speaker of the First Lok Sabha?
       a) Hukum Singh  b) G.V.Mavalankar
       c) K.M.Munshi    d) U.N.Dhebar
 
 47. Who among the following have been the Union Finance Ministers of India?
      1. V.P.Singh       2. R.Venkataraman
      3.Y.B. Chavan    4. Pranab Mukherjee
      Select the correct answer by using the code given below:
       a) 1,2 and 3    b) 1,3 and 4
       c)2 and 4        d) 1,2,3 and 4
 
48. Assertion (A): The Council of Ministers in the Union of India is collectively responsible both to the Lok Sabha        
      and the Rajya Sabha.
     Reason (R): The member of both the Lok Sabha and the Rajya Sabha are eligible to be the Ministers of the Union Government.
Codes:
      a) Both A and R are individually true and R is the correct explanation of A.
      b) Both A and R are individually true but R is not the correct explanation of A
      c) A is true but R is false
      d) A is false but R is true
 
49. Consider the following statements:
       1. The Judges (Inquiry) Bill 2006 contemplates to establish a Judicial Council which will receive complaints        
        against Judge of the Supreme Court including the Chief Justice of India, High Court Chief Justice and Judges.
        2. Under the Protection of women from Domestic Violence Act, 2005, a woman can file a petition before a 1st 
         Class Judicial Magistrate.
     Which of the statements given above is/are correct?
        a) 1 only              b) 2 only
        c)Both 1 and 2   d) Neither 1 nor 2
 
50. Consider the following statements:

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