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UPSC PRELIMS QUESTION PAPERS

2008 PRELIMS ORIGINAL GS QUESTION PAPER

1. During the time of which Mughal Emperor did the English East India Company establish its first factory in India?
         a) Akbar                b) Jahangir
         c) Shah Jahan      d) Aurnagzeb
 
2. Who was the Viceroy of India when the Rowlatt Act was passed?
      a) Lord Irwin             b) Lord Reading
      c)Lord Chelmsford   d) Lord Wavell
 
3. Which one of the following suggested the reconstitution of the Viceroy’s Executive Council in which all the       
     portfolios including that of War Members were to be held by the Indian leaders?
    a) Simon Commission
    b) Simla Conference
    c) Cripps Proposal
    d) Cabinet Mission
 
4. During the Indian Freedom Struggle, who of the following raised an army called ‘Free Indian Legion’?
     a) Lala Hardayal
     b) Rash Behari Bose
     c) Subhash Chandra Bose
     d) V.D. Savarkar
 
5. Who among the following rejected the title of ‘Knighthood’ and refused to accept a position in the Council of the  Secretary of State for India?
        a) Motilal Nehru       b) M.G.Ranade
        c)G.K.Gokhale           d) B.G. Tilak
 
6. Match List I with List II and select the correct answer using the codes given below the Lists:
                     List I                                    List II
                  (Author)                                 (Work)
     A. Bankimchandra                  1. Shatranj Ke Khilari
      B.Dinabandhu Mitra             2. Debi Chaudhrani
     C. Prem Chand                         3. Nil Darpan
                                                          4. Chandrakantra
Codes:
    A B C
a) 2 4 1
b) 3 4 2
c) 2 3 1
d) 3 1 4
 
7. Who among the following gave a systematic critique of the moderate politics of the Indian National Congress in a     
    series of articles entitled ‘New Lamps for Old ‘?
    a) Aurobindo Ghosh
    b) R.C. Dutt
    c) Syed Ahmad Khan
    d) Viraraghavachari
 
8. Who among the following used the pharse ‘Un-British’ to criticize the English colonial control of India?
      a) Anandmohan Bose
      b) Badruddin  Tyyabji
      c) Dadabhai Naroji
      d) Pherozeshah Mehta
 
9. Who among the following wrote the poem, Subh -e  Azadi?
    a) Sahir Ludhiyanvi
    b) Faiz Ahmed Faiz
    c) Muhammad Iqbal
    d) Maulana Abul Kalam Azad
 
 10. Assertion (A): The Congress Ministers in all the provinces resigned in the year 1939.
       Reason(R): The Congress did not accept the decision of the Viceroy to declare war against Germany in the context of the Second         World War.
      Codes:
      a) Both A and R are individually true and R is the correct explanation of A.
      b) Both A and R are individually true but R is not the correct explanation of A
      c) A is true but R is false
      d) A is false but R is true
 
11. Where was the First Session of the Indian National Congress held in December, 1885?
              a) Ahmedabad        b) Bombay
              c) Calcutta               d) Delhi
 
12. Yom Kippur War was fought between which sides/countries?
             a) Trukey and Greece
             b) Serbs and Croats
             c)  Israel, and Arab countries led by Egypt and Syria
             d) Iran and Iraq
 
13. Which of the following pairs are correctly matched?
       Irrigation Project             State
      1. Damanganga             : Gujarat
      2. Girna                          : Maharashtra
      3. Pamba                        : Kerala
Codes:
      a) 1 and 2          b) 2 and 3
      c) 1 and 3          d) 1,2 and 3
 
14. Which of the following pairs in respect of current power generation in India is/are correctly matched?
                                                     (Rounded Figure)
     1. Installed electricity        : 100000 MW
         generation capacity
     2. Electricity generation   : 660 billion kWh
Codes:
      a) 1 only               b) 2 only
      c)Both 1 and 2    d) Neither 1 nor 2
 
15. With which one of the following is BRIT (Government of India) engaged?
    a) Railway Wagons
    b) Information Technology
    c) Isotope Technology
    d) Road Transport
 
16. Which of the following are among the million – plus cities in India on the basis of data of the Census, 2001?
      1. Ludhiana
      2. Kochi
      3. Surat
      4. Nagpur
Select the correct answer using the codes given below:
      a) 1,2 and 3         b) 2,3 and 4
      c)1 and 4             d) 1,2,3 and 4
 
17. Amongst the following States, which one has the highest percentage of rural population to its total population (on the basis of
the Census, 2001)?
   a) Himachal Pradesh
   b) Bihar
   c) Orissa
   d) Uttar Pradesh
 
18. What is the approximate percentage of persons above 65 years of age in India’s current population?
           a) 4 – 15%             b) 11 -12%      c) 8 – 9%    d) 5 – 6%
 
19. Out of all the Biosphere Reserve in India, four have been recognized on the World Network by UNESCO.  Which one of the following is not one of them?
                  a) Gulf of Mannar          b) Kanchenjuga
                  c) Nanda Devi                 d) Sunderbane
 
20. Which of the following pairs are correctly matched?
                 Waterfalls                River
      1. Kapildhara Falls        : Godavari
      2. Jog Falls                      : Sharavati
      3. Sivasamudram Falls : Cauvery
Codes:
      a) 1 and 2         b) 2 and 3
      c) 1 and 3         d) 1,2 and 3
 
21. On which one of the following rivers is the Tehri Hydropower Complex located?
    a) Alkananda              b) Bhagirathi
    c)Dhauliganga            d) Mandakini
 
22. Which of the following minerals are found in a natural way in the State of Chhattisgarh?
     1. Bauxite      2. Dolomite       3. Iron ore         4. Tin
          a) 1,2 and 3         b) 1 and 3
          c) 2 and 4            d) 1,2,3 and 4
 
23. Consider the following statements:
     1. Chikmagalur is well – known for sugar production.
     2. Mandya is well – known as a coffee – producing region.
      Which of the statements given above is / are correct?
              a) 1 only                 b) 2 only
              c)Both 1 and 2      d) Neither 1 nor 2
 
24. Where are Tapovan and Vishnugarh Hydroelectric Projects located?
           a) Madhya Pradesh        b) Uttar Pradesh
           c)Uttarkhand                   d) Rajasthan
 
25. In India, how many States share the coastline?
              a) 7          b) 8          c) 9           d) 10
 
26. Match List I with List II and select the correct answer using the codes given below the Lists:
             List I                             List II
     A. Coffee Board              1. Bangaluru
     B. Rubber Board             2. Guntur
     C. Tea Board                   3. Kottayam
     D. Tobacco Board           4. Kolkata
Codes:
   A B C D
a) 2 4 3 1
b) 1 3 4 2
c) 2 3 4 1
d) 1 4 3 2
 
27. Which one among the following has the maximum number of National Parks?
           a) Andaman and Nicobar Islands
           b) Arunachal Pradesh
           c) Asom 
           d) Meghalaya
 
28. Rajig Gandhi National Flying Institute is being established in which State?
          a) Karnataka           b) Maharashtre
          c)Kerala                   d) Orissa
 
29. With which one of the following rivers is the Omkareshwar project associated?
          a) Chambal         b) Narmada
          c) Tapi                 d) Bhima
 
30. ISRO successfully conducted a rocket test using cryogenic engines in the year 2007.  Where is the test stand used for th                 purpose, located?
              a) Balasore                b) Thiruvananthapuram
              c)Mahendragiri        d) Karwar
 
31. Which was the Capital of Andhra State when it was made a separate State in the year 1953?
              a) Guntur         b) Kurnool
              c) Nellore         d) Warangal
 
 32. In which one of the following States are Namchik – Namphuk Coal – fields located?
                a) Arunachal Pradesh   b) Meghalaya
                c) Manipur                     d) Mizoram
 
33. Consider the following statements:
      1. Salt – water crocodile is found in the Andaman and Nicobar Islands
      2. Shrew and tapir are fond in the Western Ghats of the Malabar region
     Which of the statements given above is/are correct?
              a) 1 only                 b) 2 only
              c) Both 1 and 2     d) Neither 1 nor 2
 
34. Consider the following pairs:
      Tributary River     Main River
      1. Chambal          : Narmada
      2. Sone                 : Yamuna
      3. Manas              : Brahmputra
Which of the pairs given above is/are correctly matched?
      a) 1,2 and 3      b) 1 and 2
      c)2 and 3          d) 3 only
 
35. Which of the following hills are found where the Eastern Ghats and the Western Ghats meet?
   a) Annamalai Hills
   b) Cardamom Hills
   c) Nilgiri Hills
   d) Shevoroy Hills
 
36. Which one of the following is not essentially a species of the Himalayan vegetation?
        a) Juniper          b) Mahagany
        c) Silver fir         d) Spruce
 
37. As per India’s National Population Policy, 2000, by which one of the following years is it our long – term    
     objective to achieve population stabilization?
         a) 2025            b) 2035       c) 2045        d) 2055
 
38. Among the following which one has the minimum population on the basis of data of Census of India, 2001?
           a) Chandigarh         b) Mizoram
           c)Puducherry          d) Sikkim
 
39. Which two countries follow China and India in the decreasing order of their populations?
    a) Brazil and USA
    b) USA and Indonesia
    c) Canada and Malayasia
    d) Russia and Nigeria
 
40. Which one of the following straits is nearest to the International Date Line?
   a) Malacca Strait
   b) Bering Strait
   c) Strait of Florida
   d) Strait of Gibraltar
 
41. Which one of the following cities is nearest to the equator?
           a) Colombo        b) Jakarta
           c) Manila            d) Singapore
 
42. Which of the following countries share borders with Moldova?
          1. Ukraine          2. Romania          3.Belarus
Select the correct answer using the codes given below:
      a) 1 and 2          b) 2 and 3
      c) 1 and 3          d) 1,2 and 3
 
43. Consider the following statements:
      1. Ajman is one of the seven Emirates of the UAE.
      2. Ras al – Khaimah was the last Sheikhdom to join the UAE.
      Which of the statements given above is /are correct?
       a) 1 only              b) 2 only
       c)Both 1 and 2   d) Neither 1 nor 2
 
44. For India, China, the UK and the USA, which one of the following is the correct sequence of the median age of 
     their populations?
    a) China < India < UK < USA
    b) India < China < USA < UK
    c) China < India < USA< UK
    d) India < China < UK < USA
 
45. In which one of the following is Malta located? 
         a) Baltic Sea        b) Mediterranean Sea
         c)Black Sea          d) North Sea
 
46. Consider the following statements:
      1. The albedo of an object determines its visual brightness when viewed with reflected light.
      2. The albedo of Mercury is much greater than the albedo of the Earth.
      Which of the statements given above is/are correct?
        a) 1 only                b) 2 only
        c) Both 1 and 2    d) Neither 1 nor 2
 
47. Which one amongst the following has the largest livestock population in the world?
              a) Brazil          b) China     c)India         d)USA
 
48. Which of the following is/are included in the Directive Principles of State Policy?
     1. Prohibition of traffic in human beings and forced labour.
      2. Prohibition of consumption except for medicinal purposes of intoxicating drinks and of other drugs which are 
     injurious to health.
       Select the correct answer using the codes given below:
         a) 1 only              b) 2 only
         c)Both 1 and 2   d) Neither 1 nor 2
 
49. Consider the following statements:
  The constitution of India provides that
  1. The Legislative Assembly of each State shall consist of not more than 450 members chosen by direct election from   
      territorial constituencies in the State.
  2. A person shall not be qualified to be chosen to fill a seat in the Legislative Assembly of a State if he/she is less 
      than 25 years of age.
     Which of the statements given above is/are correct?
      a) 1 only                 b) 2 only
      c)Both 1 and 2      d) Neither 1 nor 2
 
50. Under which one of the following Constitution Amendment Acts, four languages under the Eighth Schedule of the 
      Constitution of India, thereby raising their number to 22 ?
     a) Constitution (Ninetieth Amendment) Act
     b) Constitution (Ninety  - first Amendment) Act
     c) Constitution (Ninety – second Amendment) Act
     d) Constitution ( Ninety – thirty Amendment) Act
 
51. Which one of the following is the larges (area – wise) Lok Sabha constituency?
            a) Kangra        b) Ladakh
            c) Kachchh      d) Bhilwara
 
52. Consider the following statements:
      1. Justice V.R. Krishna Iyer wast he Chief Justice of India.
      2. Justice V.R. Krishna Iyer is considered as one of the progenitors of Public Interest Litigation (PIL) in the Indian Judicial system.
     Which of the statements given above is/are correct?
           a) 1 only                b) 2 only
           c) Both 1 and 2    d) Neither 1 nor 2
 
53. Which Schedule of Constitution of India contains special provisions of the administration and control of 
      Scheduled Areas in several States?
            a) Third     b) Fifth      c) Seventh         d) Ninth
 
54. Who among the following have held the office of the Vice – President of India?
     1. Mohammad Hidayatullah
     2. Fakhruddin Ali Ahmed
     3. Neelam Sanjiva Reddy
     4. Shankar Dayal Sharma
Codes:
       a) 1,2,3 and 4     b) 1 and 4
       c) 2 and 3            d) 3 and 4
 
55. Match List I with List II and select the correct answer using the codes given below the Lists:
             List I                               List II
 A. Nagender Singh         1.Chief Election 
                                                Commissioner of India
 B. A.N. Ray                      2. President International 
                                                  Court of Justice
 C. R.K. Trivedi                 3. Chief Justice of India
 D. Ashok Desai                4. Attorney – General of India
Codes:
    A B C D
a) 1 4 2 3
b) 2 3 1 4
c) 1 3 2 4
d) 2 4 1 3
 
56. How many High Courts in India have jurisdiction over more than one State (Union Territories not included)?
                     a) 2             b) 3           c) 4            d) 5
 
57. How is the United Nations Monetary and Financial conference wherin the agreements were signed to set up IBRD, GATT and IMF, commonly known?
     a) Bandung Conference
     b) Bretton Woods Conference
     c) Versailles Conference

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