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UPSC PRELIMS QUESTION PAPERS

2011 PRELIMS ORIGINAL GS QUESTION PAPER

1. Regular intake of fresh fruits and vegetables is recommended in the diet since they are a good source of antioxidants.  How do antioxidants help a person maintain health and promote longevity?

a) They activate the  enzymes necessary for vitamin synthesis in the body and help prevent vitamin deficiency.
b) They prevent excessive oxidation of carbohydrates, fats and proteins in the body and help avoid unnecessary wastage of energy.
c) They neutralize the free radicals produced in the body during metabolism
d) They active certain genes in the cells of the body and help delay the ageing process
 
2. Regarding the Indus Valley Civilization, consider the following statements
1. It was predominantly a secular civilization and the religious element, though present did not dominate the scene.
2. During this period, cotton was used for manufacturing textiles in Inida.
Which of the statements given above is/are correct ?
    a) 1 only             b) 2 only
    c) Both 1 and 2 d) Neither 1 nor 2
 
3. The Lower Gangetic plain is characterized by humid climate with high temperature throughout the year.  Which one among the following pairs of crops is most suitable for this region ?
   a) Paddy and Cotton   b) Wheat and Jute
   c) Paddy and Jute       d) Wheat and Cotton
 
4. What could be the main reason/reasons for the formation of African and Eurasian desert belt ?
1. It is located in the sub-tropical high pressure cells.
2. It is under the influence of warm ocean currents.
Which of the statements given above is/are correct ?
     a) 1 only            b) 2 only
    c) Both 1 and 2 d) Neither 1 nor 2
 
5. The jet aircrafts fly very easily and smoothly in the lower stratosphere.  What could be the appropriate explanation ?
1. There are no clouds of water-vapour in the lower stratosphere. 
2. There are no vertical winds in the lower stratosphere. 
Which of the statements given above is/are correct ?
   a) 1 only              b) 2 only
   c) Both 1 and 2  d) Neither 1 nor 2
 
6. Consider the following statements :
1. Biodiversity is normally greater in the lower latitudes as compared to the higher latitudes.
2. Along the mountain gradients, biodiversity is normally greater in the lower latitudes as compared to the higher latitudes. 
Which of the statements given above is/are correct ?
   a) 1 only             b) 2 only
   c) Both 1 and 2 d) Neither 1 nor 2
 
7. The Brahmaputra, Irrawady and Mekong rivers originate in Tibet and flow through narrow and parallel mountain ranges in their upper reaches.  Of these civers, Brahmaputra makes a ‘U’ turn in its course to flow into India.  This ‘U’ turn is due to 
a) Uplift of folded Himalayan series
b) syntaxial bending of geologically young Himalayas
c)  geo-tectonic disturbance in the tertiary folded mountain chains
d) Both ‘a’ and ‘b’ above
 
8. A State in India has the following characteristics 
1. Its Northern part is arid and semi-arid.
2. Its central part produces cotton.
3. Cultivation of cash crops is predominant over food crops.
Which one of the following States has all of the above characteristics ?
   a) Andhra Pradesh    b) Gujarat
   c) Karnataka               d) Tamil Nadu
 
9. What is ‘Virtual private Network’ ?
a) It is a private computer network of an organization where the remote users can transmit encrypted information through the server of the organization
b) It is a computer network across a public internet that provides users access to their organization’s network while maintaining the security of the information transmitted.
c) It is a computer network in which users can access a shared pool of computing resources through a service provider
d) None of the statements (a), (b) and (c) given above is a correct description of  ‘Virtual Private Network’
 
10. The ‘dharma’ and ‘rita’ depict a cental idea of ancient vedic civilization of India.  In this context, consider the following statements.
1. ‘Dharma’ was a conception of obligations and of the discharge of one’s duties to oneself and to others. 
2. ‘Rita’ was the fundamental moral law governing the functioning of the universe and all it contained.
Which of the statements given above is/are correct ?
   a) 1 only              b) 2 only
   c) Both 1 and 2  d) Neither 1 nor 2
 
11. In the context of global oil prices, ‘Brent crude oil’ is frequently referred to in the news.  What does this term imply ?
1. It is a major classification of crude oil.
2. It is sourced from North Sea.
3. It does not contain sulphur
Which of the statements given above is/are correct ?
   a) 2 only     b) 1 and 2
   c) 1 and 3   d) 1, 2 and 3
 
12. The function of heavy water in a nuclear reactor is to 
a) slow down the speed of neutrons
b) increase the speed of neutrons
c) cool down the reactor
d) stop the nuclear reaction.
 
13. In India, if a religious sect/community is given the status of a national minority, what special advantages it is entitled to ?
1. It can establish and administer exclusive educational institutions.
2. The President of India automatically nominates a representative of the community to Lok Sabha.
3. It can derive benefits from the Prime Minister’s 15-Point Programme. 
Which of the statements given above is/are correct ?
   a) 1 only    b) 2 and 3
   c) 1 and 3  d) 1, 2 and 3
 
14. India is home to lakhs of persons with disabilities.  What are the benefits available to them under the law ?
1. Free schooling till the age of 18 years in g overnment-run schools
2. Preferential allotment of land for setting up business. 
3. Ramps in public buildings.
Which of the statements given above is/are correct ?
  a) 1 only    b) 2 and 3
  c) 1 and 3  d) 1, 2 and 3
 
15. With what purpose is the Government of India promoting the concept of ‘Mega Food Parks’ ?
1. To Provide good infrastructure facilities for the food processing industry.
2. To increase the processing of perishable items and reduce wastage.
3. To provide emerging and eco-friendly food processing technologies to entrepreneurs.
Select the correct answer using the codes given below
   a) 1 only    b) 1 and 2
   c) 2 and 3 d) 1, 2 and 3
 
16. The authorization for the withdrawal of funds from the  Consolidated Fund of India must come from
a) The President of India
b) The Parliament of India
c) The Prime Minster Of Inda
d) The Union Finance Minister
 
17. All revenues received by the Union Government by way of taxes and other receipts for the conduct of Government business are credited to the
a) Contingency Fund of India
b) Public Account
c) Consolidated fund of India
d) Deposits and Advances Fund.
 
18. Micro-finance of the provision of financial services to people of low-income groups. This includes both the consumers and the self-employed.  The service/services rendered under micro-finance is/are.
1. Credit facilities 2. Savings facilities
3. Insurance facilities 4. Fund Transfer facility
Select the correct answer using the codes given below
      a) 1 only     b) 1 and 4
      c) 2 and 3   d) 1, 2, 3 and 4
 
19. South-East Asia has captivated the attention of global community over space and time as a geostrategically significant region.  Which among the following is the most convincing explanation for this global perspective?
a) It was the hot theatre during the Second World War 
b) Its location between the Asian powers of China and India.
c) Its was the arena of superpower confrontation during the Cold War period.
d) Its location between the Pacific and Indian oceans and its per-eminent maritime character.
 
20. A company marketing food products advertises that its items do not contain trans-fats.  What does this campaign signify to the customers ?
1. The food products are not made out of hydrogenated oils.
2. The food products are not made out of animal fats/oils.
3. The oils used are not likely to damage the cardiovascular health of the consumers.
Which of the statements given above is/are correct ?
   a) 1 only    b) 2 and 3
   c) 1 and 3  d) 1, 2 and 3
 
21. Among the following who are eligible to benefit from the Mahatma Gandhi National Rural Employment Guarantee Act ?
a) Adult members of only the scheduled casts and scheduled tribe households
b) Adult members of bBlow Poverty Line (BPL)  households
c) Adult members of households of all backward communities
d) Adult members of any household
 
22. With reference to ‘Look East Polity’ of India, consider the following statements.
1. India wants to establish itself as an important regional player in the East Asian affairs.  
2. India wants to plug the vacuum created by the termination of Cold War.
3. India wants to restore the historical and cultural ties with its neighbours in South-East and East Asia.
Which of the statements given above is/are correct ?
   a) 1 only   b) 1 and3
   c)  3 only  d) 1, 2 and 3
 
23. When the annual Union Budget is not passed by the Lok Saha ?
a) The Budge is modified and presented again
b) The Budget is referred and presented again
c) The Union Finance Minister is asked to resign
d) The Prime Minister submits the resignation of Council of Ministers. 
 
24. Under the Constitution of India, which one of the following is not a fundamental duty ?
a) To vote in public elections
b) To develop the scientific temper
c) To safeguard public property
d) To abide by the Constitution and respect its ideals
 
25. With reference to the Finance Commission of India, which of the following statements is correct ?
a) It encourages the inflow of foreign capital for infrastructure development 
b) It facilitates the proper distribution of finances among the Public Sector undertakings.
c) It ensures transparency in financial administration.
d) None of the statements (a), (b) and (c) given above is correct in this context.
 
26. The 2004 Tsunami made people realize that mangroves can serve as a reliable safety hedge against coastal calamities.  How do mangroves function as a safety hedge ?
a) The mangrove swamps separate the human settlements from the sea by a wide zone in which people neither live nor venture out.
b) The mangroves provide both food and medicines which people are in need of after any natural disaster 
c) The mangrove trees are tall with dense canopies and serve as an excellent shelter during a cyclone of Tsunami.
d) The mangrove trees do not get uprooted by storms and tides because of their extensive roots.
 
27. The Jain philosophy holds that the world is created and maintained by
      a) Universal Law  b) Universal Truth
      c) Universal Faith d)Universal soul
 
28. Salinization occurs when the irrigation water accumulated in the soil evaporates, leaving behind salts and minerals.  What are the effects of salinizating on the irrigated land ?
a) It greatly increases the crop production.
b) It makes some soils impermeable
c) It raises the water table
d) It fills the air spaces in the soil with water
 
29. The ‘Red Data Books’ published by the International Union for Conservation of Nature and Natural Resources (IUCN) contain lists of
1. Endemic plant and animal species present in the biodiversity hotspots.
2. Threatened plant and animal species.
3. Protected sites for conservation of nature and natural resources in various countries.
Select the correct answer using the codes given below
   a) 1 and 3   b) 2 only
   c) 2 and 3  d) 3 only
 
30. Why is the offering of ‘teaser loans’ by commercial banks a cause of economic concern ?
1. The ‘teaser loans’ are considered to be an aspect of sub-prime lending and banks may be exposed to the risk of defaulters in future.
2. In India, the ‘teaser loans’ are mostly given to inexperienced entrepreneurs to set up manufacturing of export units. 
Which of the statements given above is/are correct ?
    a) 1 only            b) 2 only
    c) Both 1 and 2 d) Neither 1 nor 2
 
31. An artificial satellite orbiting around the Earth does not fall down.  This is so because the attraction of Earth
a) does not exit at such distance
b) is neutralized by the attraction of the Moon
c) provides the necessary speed for its steady motion
d) provides the necessary acceleration for its motion.
 
32. In the context of the Indian economy, consider the following statements :
1. The growth rate of GDP has steadily increased in the last five years.
2. The growth rate in per capita income has steadily increased in the last five years.
Which of the statements given above is/are correct ?
     a) 1 only            b) 2 only
     c) Both 1 and 2 d) Neither 1 nor 2
 
33. In India, which of the following have the highest share in the disbursement of credit to agriculture and allied activities ?
     a) Commercial banks       b) Cooperative Banks
     c) Regional Rural Banks d) Micro-finance Institutions
 
34. Which of the following can aid in furthering the government’s objective of inclusive growth ?
1. Promoting Self-Help Groups.
2. Promoting Micro, Small and Medium Enterprises. 
3. Implementing the Right to Education Act.
Select the correct answer using the codes given below
      a) 1 only   b) 1 and 2
      c) 2 and 3 d) 1, 2 and 3
 
35. Why is the Government of India disinvesting is equality in the Central Public Sector Enterprises (CPSEs) ?
1. The Government intends to use the revenue earned from the disinvestment mainly to pay back the external debt.
2. The Government no larger intends to retain the management control of the CPSEs.
Which of the statements given above is/are correct ?
   a) 1 only            b) 2 only
   c) Both 1 and 2 d) Neither 1 nor 2
 
36. What is the difference between asteroids and comets?
1. Asteroids are small rocky planetoids, while comets are formed of frozen gases held together by rocky and metallic material.
2. Asteroids are found mostly between the orbits of Jupiter and Mars, while comets are found mostly between Venus and Mercury.
3. Comets show a perceptible glowing tail, while asteroids do not.
Which of the statements given above is/are correct ?
      a) 1 and 2   b) 1 and 3
      c) 3 only     d) 1, 2 and 3
 
37. Economic growth is usually coupled with
   a) Deflation     b) Inflation
   c) Stagflation  d) Hyper-inflation
 
38. The lowering of Bank Rate by the Reserve Bank of India leads to
    a) more liquidity in the market
    b) less liquidity in the market
    c) no change in the liquidity in the market
    d) Mobilization of more deposits 
 
39. Westerlies to southern hemisphere are stronger and persistent than in Northern hemisphere, why?
1. southern hemisphere has less landmass as compared to Northern hemisphere. 
2. Coriolis force is higher in Southern hemisphere as compared to Northern hemisphere. 
Which oc the statements given above is/are correct. ?
     a) 1 only           b) 2 only
     c) Both 1 and 2 d) Neither 1 nor 2
 
40. Between India and East Asia, the navigation time and distance can be greatly reduced by which of the following ?
1. Depending the Malacca straits between Malaysia and Indonesia. 
2. Opening a new canal across the Kra Isthmus between the Gulf of Siam and Andaman Sea. 
Which of the statement given above is/are correct ?
    a) 1 only              b) 2 only
    c) Both 1 and 2   d) Neither 1 nor 2
 
41. Biodiversity forms the basis for human existence in the following ways
1. Soil formation
2. Prevention of soil erosion
3. Recycling of waste
4. Pollination of crops
Select the correct answer using the codes given below
      a) 1, 2 and 3   b) 2, 3 and 4
      c) 1 and 4      d) 1, 2, 3 and 4
 
42. Aspartame is an artificial sweetener sold in the market. It consists of amino acids and provides calories like other amino acids.  Yet, it is used a s a low-calorie sweetening agent in food items.  What is the basis of this use ?
a) Aspartame is as sweet as table sugar but unlike table sugar, it is not readily oxidized in human body due to lack of requisite enzymes.
b) When aspartame is used in food processing, the sweet taste remains but it becomes resistant to oxidation. 
c) Aspartame is as sweet as sugar but after ingestion into the body, it is converted into metabolites that yield no calories
d) Aspartame is several time sweeter than table sugar, hence food items made with small quantities of aspartame yield fewer calories on oxidation
 
43. What was the purpose with which Sir William 
Wedderburn and  WS Caine had set up the Indian Parliamentary Committee in  1893 ?
a) To agitate for Indian political reforms in the House of Commons.
b) To campaign for the entry of Indians into the Imperial Judiciary.
c) To facilitate a discussion on India’s Independence in the British Parliament. 
d) To agitate for the entry of eminent Indians into the British Parliament.  
 
44. What is the difference between a CFL and an LED lamp ?
1. To produce light, a CFL uses mercury vapour and phosphor while an LED lamp uses semi-conductor material.
2. The average life span of a CFL is much longer than of an LED lamp.
3. A CFL is less energy-efficient as compared to an LED lamp. 
Which of the statements given above is/are correct?
     a) 1 only     b) 2 and 3
     c) 1 and 3    d) 1, 2 and 3
 
45. Recently, ‘oilzapper’ was in the news.  What is it ?
a) It is an eco-friendly technology for the remediation of oily sludge and oil spills.
b) It is the latest technology developed for under-sea oil exploration.
c) It is a genetically engineered high biofuel-yielding maize variety
d) It is the latest technology to control the accidentally caused flames from oil wells.
 
46. A married couple adopted a male child.  A few years later, twin boys were born to them. The blood group of the couple is AB positive and O negative.  The blood group of the three sons is A positive, B positive and O positive. The blood group of the adopted son is
     a) O Positive   b) A positive
     c) B positive   d) Cannot be determined on the basis of the given data
 
47. Mahatma Gandhi said that some of his deepest convictions were reflected in a book titled, “Unto This Last” and the book transformed his life.  What was the message from the book that transformed Mahatma Gandhi ?
a) Uplifting the oppressed and poor is the moral responsibility of an educated man
b) The good of individual is contained in the good of all
c) The life of celibacy and spiritual pursuit are essential for a noble life.
d) All the statements (a), (b) and (c) are correct in this context.
 
48. With reference to Indian freedom struggle, Usha Mehta is well known for
a) running the secret Congress Radio in the wake of Quit India Movement.
b) Participating in the Second Round Table Conference.
c) leading a contingent  of Indian National Army
d) assisting in the formation of Interim Government under Pandit Jawaharlal Nehru.
 
49. A new optical disc format known as the Blu-ray Dis , (BD) is becoming popular. In what way is it different from the traditional DVD ?
1. DVD supports Standard Definition video while BD supports High Definition video.
2. Compared to a DVD, the BD format has several times more storage capacity.
3. Thickness of BD is 2.4 mm while that of DVD is 1.2 mm.
Which of the statement given above is/are correct ?
      a) 1 only   b) 1and 3
      c) 2 and 3 d) 1, 2 and 3
 
50. With reference to the period of Indian freedom struggle, which of the following was/were recommended by the ‘Nehru Report’ ?
1. Complete Independence for India.
2. Joint electorates for reservation of seats for minorities.
3. Provision of fundamental rights for the people of India in the Constitution.
Select the correct answer using the codes given below
     a) 1 only    b) 2and 3
     c) 1 and 3  d) 1, 2 and 3
 
51. Among the following States, which one has the most suitable climatic conditions for the cultivation of a large variety of orchids with minimum code of production  and can develop and export oriented industry in this field. ?
   a) Andhra Pradesh    b) Arunachal Pradesh
   c) Madhya Pradesh   d) Uttar Pradesh
 
52. Which one of the following is not a site for in-situ method of conservation of flora ?
       a) Biosphere Reserve b) Botanical Garden
       c) National Park         d) Wildlife Sanctuary
 
53. Consider the following statements.
In India, a Metropolitan Planning Committee
1. is constituted under the provisions of the Constitution of India.
2. prepares the draft development plans for metropolitan area.
3. has the sole responsibility for implementing Government sponsored schemes in the metropolitan area. 
Which of the statements given above is/are  correct ?
     a) 1 and 2    b) 2 only
     c) 1 and 3    d) 1, 2 and 3
 
54. What is the difference between ‘vote-on-account’ and ‘interim budget’?
1. The provision of a ‘vote-on-account’ is used by a regular Government, while ‘interim budget’ is a provision used by a caretaker Government .
2. A ‘vote-on-account’ only deals with the expenditure in Government’s budge while an ‘interim budget’ includes both expenditure and receipts.
Which of the statements given above is/are correct ?

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