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UPSC PRELIMS QUESTION PAPERS

2012 PRELIMS ORIGINAL GS QUESTION PAPER

1. With reference to National Rural Health Mission, which of the following are the jobs of ‘ASHA’ a trained community health worker?
   1. Accompanying women to the health facility for anti – natal care check – up
   2. Using pregnancy test kits for early detection of pregnancy
   3. Providing information on nutrition and immunization
   4. Conduction the delivery of baby
   Select the correct answer using the codes given below:
        a) 1,2 and 3   b) 2 and 4
        c) 1 and 3      d) 1,2,3 and 4
 
2. Which of the following is/are the principal feature(s) of the Government of India Act, 1919?
      1. Introduction of diarchy in the executive government of the provinces.
      2. Introduction of separate communal electorates for Muslims.
      3. Devolution of legislative authority by the centre to the provinces.
   Select the correct answer using the codes given below:
           a) Only 1   b) 2 and 3   c) 1 and 3 d) 1,2 and 3
 
3. During Indian Freedom Struggle, the National Social Conference was formed.  What was the reason for its formation?
a) Different social reform groups or organizations of Bengal region united to form a single body to discuss the issues  of larger interest and to prepare appropriate petitions/representations to the government
b) Indian national Congress did not want to include social reforms in its deliberations and decided to form a separate body for such a purpose
c) Behramji Malabari and MG Ranade decided to bring together all the social reform groups of the country under  one organization
d) None ofhte statements (a), (b) and (c) given above is correct in this context
 
4. Which of the following parties were established by Dr. BR. Ambedkar?
   1. The Peasants and Workers Party of India
   2. All India Scheduled Castes Federation
   3. The Independent Labour Party
Select the correct answer using the codes given below:
      a) 1 and 2   b) 2 and 3
      c)1 and 3    d) 1,2 and 3
 
5. Which of the following special powers have been conferred on the Rajya Sabha by the Constitutioin of India?
    a) To change the exist in territory of a State and to change the name of a state
    b) To pass a resolution empowering the Parliament  to make laws in the State List and to create one or more All India Services
    c) To amend the election procedure of the President and to determine the pension of the President after his/her retirement
    d) To determine the functions of the Election Commission and to determine the number of Election Commissioners
 
6. How does the National Rural Livelihood Mission seek to improve livelihood options of rural poor?
   1. By setting up a large number of new manufacturing industries and agribusiness centres in rural areas.
   2. By strengthening ‘self – help groups’ and providing skill development
   3. By supplying seeds, fertilizers, diesel pump – sets and micro – irrigation equipment free of cost to farmers
Select the correct answer using the codes given below:
    a) 1 and 2   b) Only 2
    c) 1 and 3   d) 1,2 and 3
 
7. The Multi – dimensional Poverty Index developed by Oxford Poverty and Human Development Initiative with UNDP support covers which of the following?
   1. Deprivation of education, health, assets and services at household level.
   2. Purchasing power parity at national level
   3. Extent of budget deficit and GDP growth rate at national level
  Select the correct answer using the codes given below:
      a) Only 1     b) 2 and 3   c) 1 and 3 d) 1,2 and 3
 
8. Which of the following is/are among the noticeable features of the recommendations of the Thirteenth Finance Commission?
1. A design for the Goods and Services Tax, and a compensation package linked to adherence to the proposed design
2. A design for the creation of lakhs of jobs in the next ten years in consonance with India’s demographic dividend
3. Devolution of a specified share of central taxes to local bodies as grants
   Select the correct answer using the codes given below:
       a) Only 1   b) 2 and 3
       c)1 and 3   d) 1,2 and 3
 
9. What is/are the recent policy initiative(s) of Government of India to promote the growth of manufacturing sector?
1. Setting up of National Investment and Manufacturing Zones.
2. Providing the benefit of ‘single window clearance’
3. Establishing the Technology Acquisition and Development Fund.
Select the correct answer using the codes given below 
        a) Only 1 b) 2 and 3
        c)1 and 3 d) 1,2 and 3
 
10. Which of the following are the methods of parliamentary control over public finance in India?
1. Placing Annual Financial Statement before the Parliament
2. Withdrawal of moneys from Consolidated Fund of India only after passing the Appropriation Bill
3. Provisions of supplementary grants and vote – on – account
4. A periodic or at least a mid- year review of macroeconomic forecasts and expenditure by a Parliamentary Budget Office
5. Introducing Finance Bill in the Parliament
Select the correct answer using the codes given below:
    a) 1,2,3 and 5  b) 1,2 and 4
    c) 3,4 and 5     d) 1,2,3,4 and 5
 
11. Mahatma Gandhi undertook fast unto death in 1932, mainly because
      a) Round Table Conference failed to satisfy Indian political aspirations
      b) Congress and Muslim League had differences of opinion
      c) Ramsya MacDonald announced the communal award
      d) None of the statements (a) , (b) and (c) given above is correct in this context
 
12. With referenct to Ryotwari Settlement, consider the following statements:
     1. The rent was paid directly by the peasants to the government
     2. The government gave Pattas to the Ryots
     3. The lands were surveyed and assessed before being taxed
    Which of the statement(s) given above is/are correct?
     a) Only 1    b) 1 and 2
     c)1,2 and 3 d) None of these
 
13. Consider the following specific stages of demographic transition associated with economic development 
           1. Low birth rate with low death rate
           2. High birth rate with high death rate
           3. High birth rate with low death rate
      Select the correct order of the above stages using the codes given below:
                    a) 1,2,3    b) 2,1,3      c) 2,3,1   d) 3,2,1
 
14. In India, in the overall Index of Industrial Production the indices of eight core industries have a combined weight of 37-90%.  Which of the following are among those eight core industries?
    1. Cement             2. Fertilizers
    3.Natural gas        4. Refinery products
Select the correct answer using the codes given below:
    a) 1 and 5        b) 2, 3 and 4
    c) 1,2,3 and 4  d) 1,2,3,4 and 5
 
15. Which of the following provisions of the Constitution of India have a bearing on Education?
        1. Directive Principles of State Policy 
        2. Rural and Urban Local Bodies
        3. Fifth Schedule
        4. Sixth Schedule
        5.Seventh Schedule
Select the correct answer using the codes given below:
   a) 1 and 2    b) 3,4 and 5
   c)1,2 and 5  d) 1,2,3,4 and 5
 
16. Government of India encourages the cultivation of ‘sea buckthorn’. What is the importance of this plant?
     1. It helps in controlling soil erosion and in preventing desertification
     2.  It is a rich source of biodiesel
     3. It has nutritional value and is well – adapted to live in cold areas of high altitudes
     4. Its timber is of great commercial value
    Which of the statements given above is/are correct?
         a) Only 1    b) 2,3 and 4
         c)1 and 3    d) 1,2,3 and 4
 
17. Which of the following is the chief characteristic of ‘mixed farming’?
      a) Cultivation of both cash crops and food crops
      b) Cultivation of two or more crops in the same field
      c) Rearing of animals and cultivation of crops together 
      d) None of the above
 
18. A particular State in India has the following characteristics
     1. It is located on the same latitude which passes through Northern Rajasthan.
     2. It has over 80% of its area under forest cover.
     3. Over 12% of forest cover constitutes Protected Area Network in this state
    Which one among the following States has all the above characteristics?
       a) Arunachal Pradesh   b) Assam
       c) Himachal Pradesh    d) Uttarkhand
 
19. Consider the following crops of India 
      1. Cowpea      2. Green gram
      3.Pigeon pea
    Which of the above is/are used as pulse, fodder and green manure?
      a) 1 and 2   b) Only 2
      c)1 and 3   d) 1,2 and 3
 
20. Consider the following factors
   1. Rotation of the Earth
   2. Air pressure and wind
   3. Density of ocean water 
   4. Revolution of the Earth
Which of the above factors influence the ocean currents?
      a) 1 and 2   b) 1,2 and 3
      c) 1 and 4   d) 2,3 and 4 
 
21. With reference to the wetlands of India, consider the following statements
   1. The country’s total geographical area under the category of wetlands is recorded more in Gujarat as compared to other States
   2. In India, the total geographical area of coastal wetlands larger than that of wetlands
   Which of the statement(s) given above is/are correct?
      a) Only 1     b) only 2
      c)1 and 2     d) Neither 1 nor 2
 
22. Consider the following crops of India
    1. Groundnut   2. Sesamum
    3.Pearl millet
Which of the above is/are predominantly rainfed crop/crops?
      a) 1 and 2   b) 2 and 3
      c) Only 3    d) 1,2 and 3
 
23. When you travel in Himalayas, you will see the following:
     1. Deep gorges
     2. U – turn river courses
     3. Parallel mountain ranges
     4. Steep gradients causing land sliding
Which of the above can be said to be the evidences for Himalaya’s being young fold mountains?
      a) 1 and 2         b) 1,2 and 4
      c)3 and 4          d) 1,2,3 and 4
 
24. Normally, the temperature decreases with the increase in height from the Earth’s surface, because
    1. The atmosphere can be heated upwards only form the Earth’s surface.
    2. There is more moisture in the upper atmosphere 
    3. The air is less dense in the upper atmosphere
Select the correct answer using the codes given below:
   a) Only 1    b) 2 and 3
   c)1 and 3   d) 1,2 and 3
 
25. The acidification of oceans is increasing. Why is this phenomenon a cause of concern?
   1. The growth and survival of calcareous phytoplankton will be adversely affected.
   2. The growth and survival of coral reefs will be adversely affected.
   3. The survival of some animals that have phytoplankton larvae will be adversely affected.
   4. The cloud seeding and formation of clouds will be adversely affected.
Which of the statement(s) given above is/are correct?
      a) 1,2 and 3   b) Only 2
      c)1 and 3       d) 1,2,3 and 4
 
26. In India, other than ensuring that public funds are used efficiently and for intended purpose, what is the importance of the office of the Comptroller and Auditor General (CAG)?
    1. CAG exercises exchequer control on behalf of the Parliament when the President of India declares national  
       emergency / financial emergency.
    2. CAG reports on the execution of projects or programmes by the ministries are discussed by the Public Accounts 
        Committee.
    3. Information from CAG reports can be used by investigating agencies to press charges against those who have 
       violated the law while managing public finances.
   4. While dealing with the audit and accounting of government companies, CAG has certain judicial powers for 
       prosecuting those who violate the law.
Which of the statement(s) given above is/are correct?
       a) 1,3 and 4      b) Only 2
       c) 2 and 3         d) 1,2,3 and 4 
 
27. The endeavour of ‘Janani Suraksha Yojana’ Programme is
    1. To promote institutional deliveries
    2. To provide monetary assistance to the mother to meet the cost of delivery
    3. To provide for wage loss due to pregnancy and confinement
Which of the statement(s) given above is/are correct?
      a) 1 and 2   b) Only 2
      c) Only 3    d) 1,2 and 3
 
28. The Prime Minister of India, at the time of His/her appointment
   a) Need not necessarily be a member of one of the Houses of the Parliament but must become a member of  one of the Houses within six months
   b) Need to necessarily be a member of one of the Houses of the parliament but must become a member of the Lok Sabha within six months
   c) Must be a member of one of the Hoses of the Parliament
   d) Must be a member of the Lok Sabha
 
29. With reference to the Delimitation Commission, consider the following statements:
   1. The orders of the Delimitation Commission cannot be challenged in a court of law.
   2. When the orders of the Delimitation commission are laid before the Lok Sabha or State legislative Assembly, they cannot effect any modifications    in the orders.
Which of the statement(s) given above is/are correct?
      a) Only 1    b) Only 2
      c)1 and 2   d) Neither 1 nor 2
 
30. Consider the following 
   1. Hotels and restaurants
   2. Motor transport undertakings
   3. Newspaper establishments
   4. Private medical institutions
The employees of which of the above can hve the ‘Social Security’ coverage under Employees’ State Insurance Scheme?
      a) 1,2 and 3    b) Only 4
      c)1,3 and 4     d) 1,2,3 and 4
 
31. According to the Constitutions of India, it is the duty of the President of India to cause to be laid before the Parliament which of the following?
   1. The Recommendations of the Union Finance Commission
   2. The Report of the Public Accounts Committee
   3. The Report of the Comptroller and Auditor General
   4. The Report of the National Commission for Scheduled Castes
Select the correct answer using the codes given below
   a) Only 1       b) 2 and 4
   c) 1,3 and 4  d) 1,2,3 and 4
 
32. A deadlock between the Lok Sabha and the Rajya Sabha calls for a joint sitting of the Parliament during the passage of 
  1. Ordinary Legislation
  2. Money Bill
  3. Constitution Amendment Bill
Select the correct answer using the codes given below
      a) Only 1  b) 2 and 3
      c)1 and 3  d) 1,2 and 3
 
33. How do District Rural Development Agencies (DRDAs) help in the reduction of rural poverty in India?
   1. DRDAs act as Panchayati Raj Institutions in certain specified backward regions of the country
   2. DRDAs undertake area – specific scientific study of the causes of poverty and malnutrition and prepare detailed remedial measures.
   3. DRDAs secure inter – sectoral and inter – departmental coordination and cooperation for effective implementation of anti – poverty programmes.
   4. DRDAs watch over and ensure effective utilization of the funds intended for anti – poverty programmes.
Which of the statement(s) given above is/are correct?
      a) 1,2 and 3  b) 3 and 4
      c)Only 4       d) 1,2,3 and 4
 
34. Which of the following is/are among the Fundamental Duties of citizens laid down in the Indian Constitution?
    1. To preserve the rich heritage of our composite culture
    2. To protect the weaker sections from social injustice
     3. To develop the scientific temper and spirit of inquiry individual and collective activity
     4. To strive towards excellence in all spheres of individual and collective activity
Select the correct answer using the codes given below
    a) 1 and 2     b) only 2
    c) 1,3 and 4  d) 1,2,3 and 4
 
35. What is the provision to safeguard the autonomy of the Supreme Court of India?
   1. While appointing the Supreme Court Judges, the President of the India has to consult the Chief Justice of India.
   2. The Supreme Court Judges can be removed by the Chief Justice of India only
   3. The salaries of the Judges are changed on the legislature does not have to vote.
   4. All appointments f officers and staffs of the Supreme Court of India are made by the Government only after 
   consulting the Chief Justice of India
Which of the statement(s) given above is/are correct?
      a) 1 and 3   b) 3 and 4
      c)Only 4     d) 1,2,3 and 4
 
36. To meet the rapidly growing energy demand, some opine that India should pursue research and development on thorium as the future fuel of nuclear energy.  In this context, what advantage does thorium hold over uranium?
   1. Thorium is far more abundant in nature than uranium
   2. On the basis of per unit mass of mined mineral, thorium can generate more energy compared to uranium
   3. Thorium produces less harmful waste compared to uranium
Which of the statement(s) given above is/are correct?
   a) Only 1      b) 2 and 3    c) 1 and 3    d) 1,2 and 3
 
37. The increasing amount of carbon dioxide in the air is slowly raising the temperature of the atmosphere, because it absorbs
   a) The water vapour of the airand retains its heat
   b) The ultraviolet part of the solar radiation
   c) All the solar radiations

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