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UPSC PRELIMS QUESTION PAPERS

2013 PRELIMS ORIGINAL GS QUESTION PAPER

1. What will follow, if a Money Bill is substantially, amended by the Rajya Sabha ?
a) The Lok Sabha may still produced with the bill, accepting or not accepting the recommendations of the Rajya Sabha
b) The Lok Sabha cannot consider the bill further
c) The Lok Sabha may send  the bill to the Raiya Sabha for reconsideration 
d) The President may  call a joint sitting for passing the bill
 
2. Which one of the following statements is correct ?
a) In India, the same person cannot be appointing as Governor for two or more states at the time
b) The Judges of the High Court of the States in India are appointed by the Governor of the States Just as the Judges of the Supreme Court are appointed by the President.
c) No procedure has been laid down in the Constitution of India for the removal of a Governor from his/her post
d) In the case of the Union Territory having a legislative setup, the Chief Minister is appointed by the Lt. Governor on the basis of majority support. 
 
3. Which one of the following pairs is correctly matched?
    Geographical Feature          Region
a) Abyssinian Plateau     :       Arabia
b) Atlas Mountains         :       North-Western Africa
c) Guiana Highlands      :       South-Western Africa
d) Okavango Basin         :       Patagonia
 
4. With reference to the history of Indian rock-cut architecture, consider the following statements
1. The caves at Badami are the oldest surviving rock-cut caves in India.
2. The Barabar rock-cut caves were originally made for Ajivikas by Emperor Chandragupt Maurya.
3. At Ellora, caves were made for different faiths.
Which of the statements given above is/are correct ?
       a) only 1    b) 2 and 3
       c) only 3    d) All of these
 
5. Recombinant DNA Technology (Genetic Engineering) allows genes to be transferred.
1. across different species of plants.
2. from animals to plants.
3. from micro organisms to higher organisms.
Select the correct answer using the codes given below
    a) only 1     b) 2 and 3
    c) 1 and 3  d) All of these
 
6. The Chinese traveler Yuan Chwang (Hiuen Tsang), who visited India recorded the general conditions and culture of Indian at that time. In this context, which of the following statements is/are correct ?
1. The roads and river-routes were completely immune from robbery.
2. As regards punishment of  offences, ordeals by fire, water and poison were the instruments for determining the innocence or guilt of a person.
3. The tradesmen had to pay duties of ferries and barrier stations.
Select the correct answer using the codes given below
      a) only 1       b) 2 and 3
      c) 1 and 3     d) All of these
 
7. Consider the following 
1. Star tortoise 2. Monitor lizard
3. Pygmy hog 4. Spider monkey
Which of the above are naturally found in India ?
      a) 1, 2 and 3    b) 2 and 3
      c) 1 and 4        d) All of these
 
8. Which of the following can be found as pollutants in the drinking water in some parts of India ?
1. Arsenic 2.  Sorbitol
3. Fluoride 4. Formaldehyde
5. Uranium
Select the correct answer using the codes given below
     a) 1 and 3      b) 2, 4 and 5
     c) 1, 3 and 5  d) All of these
 
9. With reference to Indian History, the Members of the Constituent Assembly from the Provinces were
a) directly elected by the people of those Provinces
b) nominated by the Indian National Congress and the Muslim League
c) elected by the Provincial Legislative Assemblies
d) selected by the government for their expertise in constitutional matters.
 
10. Consider the following animals.
1. Sea cow 2. Sea horse 3. Sea lion
Which of the above is / are mammal / mammals ?
   a) only 1     b) 1 and 3
   c) 2 and 3  d) All of these
 
11. Consider the following statements
1. An amendment to the Constitution of India can be initiated by an introduction of a bill in the Lok Sabha only
2. If such an amendment seeks to make changes in the federal character of the Constitution, the amendment also requires to be ratified by the legislature of all the States of India.
Which of the statements given above is/are correct ?
    a) only 1               b) only 2
    c) Both 1 and 2   d) Neither 1 nor 2
 
12. Consider the following statements, Attorney General of India Can
1. take part in the proceeding of the Lok Sabha.
2. be a member of a committee of the Lok Sabha
3. speak in the Lok Sabha
4. vote in the Lok Sabha.
Which of the statements given above is/are correct ?
       a) only 1         b) 2 and 4
       c) 1, 2 and 3   d) 1 and 3
 
13. with reference to the usefulness of the by  products of sugar industry, which of the following statements is/are correct ?
1. Bagasse can be used a biomass fuel for the generation of energy.
2. Molasses can be used as one of the feed stocks for the production of synthernic chemical fertilizers.
3. Molasses can be used for the production of ethanol.
Select the correct answer using the codes given below
     a) only 1    b) 2 and 3
      c) 1 and 3 d) All of these
 
14. Variations in the length of day time and night time form season to season are due to
a) the Earth’s rotation on its axis
b) the Earth’s revolution round the Sun in an elliptical manner
c) latitudinal position of the place
d) revolution of the Earth on a tilted axis
 
15. The Narmada river flows to the West, while most other large peninsular rivers flow to the East. Why ?
1. It occupies a linear Rift valley.
2. It flows between the Vindhyas and the Satpuras. 
3. The land slopes to the West from Central India.
Select the correct answer using the codes given below
      a) only 1     b) 2 and 3
      c) 1 and 3   d) None of these
 
16. On the planet Earth, most of the fresh water exists as  ice caps and glaciers.  Out of the remaining fresh water, the largest proportion. 
a) is found in atmosphere as moisture and clouds
b) is found in freshwater lakes and rives
c) exists as groundwater
d) exists as soil moisture.
 
17. Consider the following pairs.
     1. Nokrek Biosphere Reserve :   Garo Hills
     2. Logtak (Loktak) Lake         :   Barail Range
     3. Namdapha National Park :   Dafla Hills
Which of the above pairs is/are correctly matched ?
       a) only 1           b) 2 and 3
       c) All of these d) None of these
 
18. Consider the following :
  1. Electromagnetic radiation      2. Geothermal energy
  3. Gravitational force                  4. Plate movements
  5. Rotation of the Earth              6. Revolution of the Earth
Which of the above are responsible for bringing dynamic changes on the surface of the Earth ?
  a) 1, 2, 3 and 4   b) 1, 3, 5 and 6
  c) 2, 4, 5 and 6   d) All of these
 
19. Which of the following bodies does not/do not find mention in the Constitution ?
1. National Development Council
2. Planning Commission      3. Zonal councils
Select the correct answer using the codes given below
       a) 1 and 2   b) only 2
       c) 1 and 3   d) all of these
 
20. The demand for the Tebhaga Peasant Movement in Bengal was for
a) the reduction of  the share of the landlords form one-half of the crop to one-third
b) the grant of ownership of land to peasants as they were the actual cultivators of the land.
c) the uprooting of Zamindari System and the end of serfdom
d) writing off all peasant debts.
 
21. The Parliament can make any law for whole or any part of India for implementing international treaties
a) with the consent of all the states
b) with the consent of the majority of states
c) with the consent of the states concerned
d) without the consent of any state
 
22. In the grassland, tress do not replace the grasses as a part of an ecological succession because of
a) insects and fungi
b) limited sunlight and paucity of nutrients
c) water limits and fire
d) None of the above
 
23. Which one of the following is the correct sequence of ecosystems in the order of decreasing productivity ?
a) Oceans, lakes, grasslands, mangroves
b) Mangroves, oceans, grasslands, lakes
c) Mangroves, grasslands, lakes, oceans
d) Oceans, mangroves, lakes, grasslands.
 
24. contour bunding is a method of soil conservation used in
a) desert margins, liable to strong wing action
b) low flat plains, close to stream courses, liable to flooding
c) scrublands, liable to spread to weed growth
d) None of the above
 
25. The Government enacted the Panchayat Extension to Scheduled Areas (PESA) Act in 1996. Which one of the following is not identified as its objective ?
a) To provide self-governance
b) To recognize traditional rights
c) To create autonomous regions
d) To free tribal people from exploitation
 
26. Under the Scheduled Tribes and other Traditional Forest Dwellers (Recognition of Forest Rights) Act, 2006, who shall be the authority to initiate the process for  determining the nature and extent of individual or community forest rights or both ?
a) State Forest Department
b) district Collector/Deputy Commissioner
c) Tahsildar/Block Development Officer/Mandal Revenue Officer
d) Gram Sabha
 
27. Improper handling and storage of cereal grains and oilseeds result in the production of toxins known as aflatoxins, which are not generally destroyed by normal cooking process? Aflatoxins are  produced by 
        a) bacteria   b) protozoa
        c) moulds    d) viruses
 
28. ‘Economic Justice’ as one of the objectives of the Indian Constitution has been provided in 
a) the Preamble and the Fundamental Rights
b) the Preamble and the Directive Principles of State Policy
c) the Fundamental Rights and the Directive Principles of State Policy
d) None of the above
 
29. Due to improper/indiscriminate disposal of old and used computers or their parts, which of the following are released into the environment as e-waste ?
1. Beryllium 2. Cadmium 3. Chromium
4. Heptachlor 5. Mercury 6. Lead
7. Plutonium
Select the correct answer using the codes given below
        a) 1, 3, 4, 6 and 7   b) 1, 2, 3, 5 and 6
        c) 2, 4, 5 and 7       d) All of these
 
30. Acid rain is caused by the pollution of environment by
a) Carbon dioxide and nitrogen
b) carbon monoxide and carbon dioxide
c) ozone and carbon dioxide
d) nitrous oxide and sulphur dioxide
 
31. With reference to food chains in ecosystems, consider the following statements
1. A food chain illustrates the order, in which a chain of organism feed upon each other.
2. Food chains are found within the population of a species.
3. A food chain illustrates the numbers of each organism, which are eaten by other.
Which of the statements given above is/are correct ?
         a) only 1          b) 1 and 2
         c) 1, 2 and 3    d) None of these
 
32. Consider  the following pairs 
                   National Park                River flowing through
     1. Corbett National Park           :    Ganga
     2. Kaziranga National Park     :    Manas
     3. Silent Valley National Park :    Kaveri
Which of the above pairs is/are correctly matched ?
        a) 1 and 2   b) only 3
        c) 1 and 3  d) None of these
 
33. Consider the following organisms
1. Agaricus 2. Nostoc 3. Spirogyra
Which of the above is/are used as biofertilizer/ biofertilizers ?
       a) 1 and 2 b) only 2
       c) 2 and 3 d) only 3
 
34. Which of the following adds/add nitrogen to the soil ?
1. Excretion of urea by animals 
2. Burning of coal by man
3. Death of vegetation
Select the correct answer using the codes given below
      a) only 1         b) 2 and 3
      c) 1 and 3      d) All of these
 
35. In Which of the following states is lion-tailed macaque found in its natural habitat?
1. Tamil Nadu 2. Kerala
3. Karnataka 4. Andhra Pradesh
Select the correct answer using the codes given below
       a) 1, 2 and 3      b) only 1
       c) 1, 3 and 4      d) All of these
 
36. Some Buddhist rock-cut caves are called Chaityas, while the others are called Viharas. What is the difference between the two?
a) Vihara is place of worship, which Chaitya is the dwelling place of the monks.
b) Chaitya is aplaces of worship, while vihara is  the dwelling place of the monks
c) Chaitya is the stupa at the far end of the cave, while vihara is the hall axial to it.
d) There is no material difference between the two.
 
37. Which one of the following describes best the concept of Nirvana in Buddhism?
a) The extinction of the flame of desire
b) The complete annihilation of self
c) A state of bliss and rest
d) A mental stage beyond all comprehension.
 
38. According to the Constitution of India, which of the following are fundamental for the government of the country?
a) Fundamental Rights      b) Fundamental Duties
c) Directive Principles of State Policy
d) Fundamental Rights and Fundamental Duties
 
39. The people of India agitated against the arrival of Simon Commission because
a) Indians never wanted the review of the working of the Act of 1919
b) Simon Commission recommended the abolition of Dyarchy (Diarchy) in the Provinces
c) there was no Indian member in the Simon Commission
d) the Simon Commission suggested the partition of the country.
 
40. Quit India Movement was launched in response to 
a) Cabinet Mission Plan            b) Cripps Proposals
c) Simon Commission Report d) Wavell Plan
 
41. The Balance of Payments (BoP) of a country is a systematic record of
a) all import and export transactions of a country during a given period of time, normally a year
b) goods exported from a country during a year
c) economic transaction between the government of one country to another
d) capital movements from one country to another
 
42. The Reserve Bank of India regulates the commercial banks in matters of
1. liquidity of assets  2. Branch expansion
3. merger of banks   4. Winding-up of banks
Select the correct answer using the codes given below
       a) 1 and 4        b) 2, 3 and 4
       c) 1, 2 and 3    d) 1, 2, 3 and 4
 
43. An increase in the  Bank rate generally indicates that the 
a) market rate of interest is likely to fall
b) Central Bank is no longer making loans to commercial banks
c) Central Bank is following  an easy money policy
d) Central Bank is following a light money policy
 
44. In India, deficit financing is used for raising resources for
a) economic development  
b) redemption of public dept
c) adjusting the balance of payments
d) reducing the foreign dept
 
45. Which of the following characterizes / characterize the people of Indus Civilization?
1. They possessed great palaces and temples
2. They worshipped, both male and female deities.
3. They employed horse-drawn chariots in warfare. 
Select the correct answer using the codes given below
        a) 1 and 2        b) Only 2
        c) All of these d) None of these
 
46. Which of the following diseases can be transmitted from one person to another through tattooing?
1. Chikungunya 2. Hepatitie 3. HIV-AIDS
Select the correct answer using the codes given below
      a) only 1     b) 2 and 3
      c) 1 and 3   d) All of these
 
47. Which of the following statements is/are applicable to Jaina Doctrine?
1. The surest way of annihilating Karma is to practice penance.
2. Every object, even the smallest particle has a soul.
3. Karma is the bane of the soul and must be ended.
Select the correct answer using the codes given below
       a) Only 1     b) 2 and 3
       c) 1 and 3   d) all of these
 
48. Which one of the following terms describes not only the physical space occupied by organism, but also its functional role in the community of organisms?
        a) Ecotone      b) Ecological niche
        c) Habitat       d) Hone range
 
49. Photochemical smog is a resultant of the reaction among
a) NO2, O3 and peroxyacetyl nitrate in the presence of sunlight
b) CO, O2 and peroxyacetyl nitrate in the presence of
c) CO, CO2 and NO2 at low temperature
d) high concentration of NO2, O3 and CO in the evening
 
50. Consider the following minerals
1. Calcium 2. Iron 3. Sodium
Which of the minerals given above is/are required by human body for the contraction of muscles?
      a) only 1   b) 2 and 3
      c) 1 and 3 d) All of these
 
51. Consider the following statements
The Parliamentary Committee on Public Accounts
1. consists of not more than 25 Members of the Lok Sabha.
2. scrutinizes appropriation and finance accounts of the Government
3. examines the report of the Comptroller and Auditor General of India.
Which of the statements given above is/are correc?
       a) Only 1    b) 2 and 3
       c) Only 3   d) all of these
 
52. Consider the following Bhakti Saints
1. Dadu Dayal 2. Guru Nanak 3. Tyagaraja
Who among the above was/were preaching when the Lodhi dynasty fell and Babur took over?
      a) 1 and 3    b) Only 2
      c) 2 and 3    d) 1 and 2
 
53. With reference to the food chains in ecosystems, which of the following kinds of organism is/are known as decompose organism / organisms ?
1. Virus 2. Fungi 3. Becteria
Select the correct answer using the codes given below
      a) Only 1   b) 2 and 3
      c) 1 and 3  d) All of these
 
54. The most  important fishing grounds of the world are found in the regions where
a) warm and cold atmospheric current meet
b) rivers drain out large amounts of freshwater into the sea
c) warm and cold oceanic currents meet
d) continental shelf is undulating
 
55. Which of the following is /are unique characteristic / characteristics of equatorial forests?
1. Presence of tall, closely set trees with crowns forming a continuous canopy.
2. Co-existence of a large number of species
3. Presence of numerous varieties of epiphytes.
Select the correct answer using the codes given below
        a) Only 1   b) 2 and 3
        c) 1 and 3  d) All of these
 
56. Which of the following constitute Capital Account ?
1. Foreign Loans    2. Foreign Direct Investment
3. Private Remittances  4. Portfolio Investment
Select the correct answer using the codes given below
     a) 1, 2 and 3    b) 1, 2 and 4
     c) 2, 3 and 4    d) 1, 3 and 4
 
57. Consider the following historical places
1. Ajanta Caves 2. Lepakshi Temple
3. Sanchi Stupa

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