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UPSC PRELIMS QUESTION PAPERS

2014 PRELIMS ORIGINAL GS QUESTION PAPER

1. What are the significances of a practical approach to sugarcane production known as ‘Sustainable Sugarcane Initiative’?
1. Seed cost is very low in this compared to the conventional method of cultivation.
2. Drip irrigation can be practiced very effectively in this.
3. There is no application of chemical/ inorganic fertilizers at all in this.
4. The scope for intercropping is more in this compared to the conventional method of cultivation.
Select the correct answer using the code given below.
   (a) 1 and 3 only      (b) 1, 2 and 4 only
   (c) 2, 3 and 4 only (d) 1, 2, 3 and 4
 
2. If a wetland of international importance is brought under the ‘Montreux Record’, what does it imply?
(a) Changes in ecological character have occurred, are occurring or are likely to occur in the wetland as a result of human interference.
(b) The country in which the wetland is located should enact a law to prohibit any human activity within five kilo metres from the edge of the wetland
(c) The survival of the wetland depends on the cultural practices and traditions of certain communities living in its vicinity and therefore the cultural diversity therein should not be destroyed
(d) It is given the status of ‘World Heritage Site’
 
3. Which one of the following pairs of islands is separated from each other by the ‘Ten Degree Channel’?
(a) Andaman and Nicobar
(b) Nicobar and Sumatra
(c) Maldives and Lakshadweep
(d) Sumatra and Java
 
4. Consider the following pairs :
Programme/ Project Ministry
1. Drought-Prone Area Programme : Ministry of Agriculture
2. Desert Development Programme : Ministry of Environment and Forests
3. National Watershed Development Project for Rainfed Areas : Ministry of Rural Development
Which of the above pairs
  (a) 1 and 2 only    (b) 3 only
  (c) 1, 2 and 3        (d) None
 
5. With reference to Bombay Natural History Society (BNHS), consider the following statements :
1. It is an autonomous organization under the Ministry of Environment and Forests.
2. It strives to conserve nature through action-based research, education and public awareness.
3. It organizes and conducts nature trails and camps for the general public.
Which of the statements given above is/are correct?
  (a) 1 and 3 only       (b) 2 only
  (c) 2 and 3 only       (d) 1, 2 and 3
 
6. With reference to ‘Global Environment Facility’, which of the following statements is/are correct?
(a) It serves as financial mechanism for ‘Convention on Biological Diversity’ and ‘United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change’
(b) It undertakes scientific research on environmental issues at global level
(c) It is an agency under OECD to facilitate the transfer of technology and funds to underdeveloped countries with specific aim to protect their environment.
(d) Both (a) and (b)
 
7. With reference to technologies for solar power production, consider the following statements:
1.’Photovoltaics’ is a technology that generates electricity by direct conversion of light into electricity, while ‘Solar Thermal’ is a technology that utilizes the Sun’s rays to generate heat which is further used in electricity generation process.
2. Photovoltaics generates Alternating Current (AC), while Solar Thermal generates Direct Current (DC).
3. India has manufacturing base for Solar Thermal technology, but not for Photovoltaics.
Which of the statements given above is / are correct?
(a) 1 only     (b) 2 and 3 only
(c) 1, 2 and 3(d) None
 
8. Consider the following languages :
1. Gujatati 2. Kannada 3. Telugu
Which of the above has/have been declared as ‘Classical Language / Languages’ by the Government?
(a) 1 and 2 only    (b) 3 only
(c) 2 and 3 only   (d) 1, 2 and 3
 
9. Consider the following pairs
1. Dampa Tiger Reserve : Mizoram
2. Gumti Wildlife Sanctuary : Sikkim
3. Saramati Peak : Nagaland
Which of the above pairs is /are correctly matched?
(a) 1 only               (b) 2 and 3 only
(c) 1 and 3 only    (d) 1, 2 and 3
 
10. With reference to a conservation organization called Wetlands International’, which of the following statements is/are correct?
1. It is an intergovernmental organization formed by the countries which are signatories to Ramsar Convention.
2. It works at the field level to develop and mobilize knowledge, and use the practical experience to advocate for better policies.
Select the correct answer using the code given below.
(a) 1 only               (b) 2 only
(c) Both 1 and 2   (d) Neither 1 nor 2
 
11. With reference to a grouping of countries known as BRICS, consider the following statements:
1. The First Summit of BRICS was held in Rio de Janeiro in 2009.
2. South Africa was the last to join the BRICS grouping.
Which of the statements given above is / are correct?
(a) 1 only               (b) 2 only
(c) Both 1 and 2   (d) Neither 1 nor 2
 
12. Consider the following diseases
1. Diphtheria 2. Chickenpox 3. Smallpox
Which of the above diseases has/have been eradicated in India?
(a) 1 and 2 only     (b) 3 only
(c) 1, 2 and 3          (d) None
 
13. Which of the following phenomena might have influenced the evolution of organisms?
1. Continental drift 2. Glacial cycles
Select the correct answer using the code given below.
(a) 1 only                (b) 2 only
(c) Both 1 and 2    (d) Neither 1 nor 2
 
14. Other than poaching, what are the possible reasons for the decline in the population of Ganges River Dolphins?
1. Construction of dams and barrages on rivers
2. Increase in the population of crocodiles in rivers
3. Getting trapped in fishing nets accidentally
4. Use of synthetic fertilizers and other agricultural chemicals in crop-fields in the vicinity of rivers
Select the correct answer using the code given below.
(a) 1 and 2 only       (b) 2 and 3 only
(c) 1, 3 and 4 only  (d) 1, 2, 3 and 4
 
15. The Radcliffe Committee was appointed to
(a) solve the problem of minorities in India
(b) give effect to the Independence Bill
(c) delimit the boundaries between India and Pakistan
(d) enquire into the riots in East Bengal
 
16. Brominated flame retardants are used in many household products like mattresses and upholstery. Why is there some concern about their use?
1. They are highly resistant to degradation in the environment.
2. They are able to accumulate in humans and animals.
Select the correct answer using the code given below.
(a) 1 only              (b) 2 only
(c) Both 1 and 2  (d) Neither 1 nor 2
 
17. Consider the following :
1. Bats 2. Bears 3. Rodents
The phenomenon of hibernation can be observed in which of the above kinds of animals?
(a) 1 and 2 only  (b) 2 only
(c) 1, 2 and 3       (d) Hibernation cannot be observed in any of the above
 
18. Which one of the following is the largest Committee of the Parliament?
(a) The Committee on Public Accounts
(b) The Committee on Estimates
(c) The Committee on Public Undertakings
(d) The Committee on Petitions.
 
19. Which of the following adds/add carbon dioxide to the carbon cycle on the planet Earth?
1. Volcanic action 2. Respiration
3. Photosynthesis  4. Decay of organic matter
Select the correct answer using the code given below.
(a) 1 and 3 only        (b) 2 only
(c) 1, 2 and 4 only   (d) 1, 2, 3 and 4
 
20. If you walk through countryside, you are likely to see some birds stalking alongside the cattle to seize the insects, disturbed by their movement through grasses.
Which of the following is/are such bird/birds?
1. Painted Stork 2. Common Myna
3. Black-necked Crane
Select the correct answer using the code given below.
(a) 1 and 2   (b) 2 only
(c) 2 and 3   (d) 3 only
 
21. In medieval India, the designations ‘Mahattara’ and ‘Pattakila’ were used for
(a) military officers
(b) village headmen
(e) specialists in Vedic rituals
(d) chiefs of craft guilds
 
22. Lichens, which are capable of initiating ecological suecession even on a bare rock, are actually a symbiotic association of
(a) algae and bacteria
(b) algae and fungi
(c) bacteria and fungi
(d) fungi and mosses
 
23. If you travel through the Himalayas, you are likely to see which of the following plants naturally growing there?
1. Oak 2. Rhododendron     3. Sandalwood
Select the correct answer using the code given below
(a) 1 and 2 only
(b) 3 only
(c) 1 and 3 only
(d) 1, 2 and 3
 
24. Which of the following are some important pollutants released by steel industry in India?
1. Oxides of sulphur 2. Oxides of nitrogen
3. Carbon monoxide 4. Carbon dioxide
Select the correct answer using the code given below.
(a) 1, 3 and 4 only   (b) 2 and 3 only
(e) 1 and 4 only       (d) 1, 2, 3 and 4
 
25. Which of the following Kingdoms were associated With the life of the Buddha?
1. Avanti 2. Gandhara
3. Kosala 4. Magadha
Select the correct nswer using the code given below.
(a) 1, 2 and 3      (b) 2 and 4
(c) 3 and 4 only (d) 1, 3 and 4
 
26. Every year, a month long ecologically important campaign/festival is held during which certain communities/ tribes plant saplings of fruit-bearing trees. Which of the following are such communities/tribes?
(a) Bhutia and Lepcha
(b) Gond and Korku
(e) lrula and Toda
(d) Sahariya and Agariya
 
27. The sales tax you pay while purchasing a toothpaste is a
(a) tax imposed by the Central Government
(b) tax tmposed by the Central Government but collected by the State Government
(c) tax imposed by the State Government but collected by the Central Government
(d) tax imposed and collected by the State Government
 
28. What does venture capital mean?
(a) A short-term capital provided to industries
(b) A long-term start-up capital provided to new entrepreneurs
(c) Funds provided to industries at times of incurring losses
(d) Funds provided for replacement and renovation of industries
 
29. The main objective of the 12th Five-Year Plan is
(a) inclusive growth and poverty reductions
(b) inclusive and sustainable growth
(c) sustainable and inclusive growth to reduce unemployment
(d) faster, sustainable and more inclusive growth.
 
30. With reference to Balance of Payments, which of the following constitutes/constitute the Current Account?
1. Balance of trade 2. Foreign assets
3. Balance of invisibles 4. Special Drawing Rights
Select the correct answer using the code given below.
(a) 1 only    (b) 2 and 3
(c) 1 and 3  (d) 1, 2 and 4
 
31. The terms ‘Marginal Standing Facility Rate’ and ‘Net Demand and Time Liabilities’, sometimes appearing in news, are used in relation to
(a) banking operations
(b) communication networking
(e) military strategies
(d) supply and demand of agricultural products
 
32. What is/are the facility/facilities the beneficiaries can get from the services of Business Correspondent (Bank Saathi) in branchless areas?
1. It enables the beneficiaries to draw their subsidies and social security benefits in their villages.
2. It enables the beneficiaries in the rural areas to make deposits and withdrawals.
Select the correct answer using the code given below.
(a) 1 only              (b) 2 only
(c) Both 1 and 2  (d) Neither 1 nor 2
 
33. In the context of Indian economy; which of the following is/are the purpose/purposes of ‘Statutory Reserve Requirements’?
1. To enable the Central Bank to control the amount of advances the banks can create
2. To make the people’s deposits with banks safe and liquid
3. To prevent the commercial banks from making excessive profits
4. To force the banks to have sufficient vault cash to meet their day-to-day requirements
Select the correct answer using the code given below.
(a) 1 only              (b) 1 and 2 only
(c) 2 and 3 only  (d) 1, 2, 3 and 4
 
34. Recently, a series of uprisings of people referred to as ‘Arab Spring’ originally started from
(a) Egypt
(b) Lebanono
(c) Syria
(d) Tunisia
 
35. Consider the following countries :
1. Denmark    2. Japan    3. Russian Federation
4. United Kingdom   5. United States of America
Which of the above are the members of the ‘Arctic Council ‘?
(a) 1, 2 and 3   (b) 2, 3 and 4
(c) 1, 4 and 5   (d) 1, 3 and 5
 
36. Consider the following pairs :
Region often in news : Country
1. Chechnya : Russian Federation
2. Darfur : Mali      3. Swat Valley : Iraq
Which of the above pairs is/are correctly matched?
(a) 1 only               (b) 2 and 3 only
(c) 1 and 3 only    (d) 1, 2 and 3
 
37. Which reference to Agni-IV Missile, which of the following statements is/are correct?
1. It is a surface-to-surface missile.
2. It is fuelled by liquid propellant only.
3. It can deliver one-tonne nuclear warheads about 7500 km away.
Select the correct answer using the code given below.
(a) 1 only                (b) 2 and 3 only
(c) 1 and 3 only     (d) 1, 2 and 3
 
38. With reference to two non-conventional energy sources called ‘coalbed methane’ and ‘shale gas’, consider the following ‘statements:
1. Coalbed methane is the pure methane gas extracted from coal seams, while shale gas is a mixture of propane and butane
only that can be extracted from fine-grained sedimentary rocks.
2. In India abundant coalbed methane sources exist, but so far no shale gas sources have been found.
Which of the statements given above is/are correct?
(a) 1 only              (b) 2 only
(c) Both 1 and 2  (d) Neither 1 nor 2
 
39. With reference to ‘Changpa’ community of India, consider the following statement :
1. They live mainly in the State of Uttarakhand.
2. They rear the Pashmina goats that yield a fine wool.
3. They are kept in the category of Scheduled Tribes.
Which of the statements given above is/are correct?
(a) 1 only  (b) 2 and 3 only
(c) 3 only  (d) 1, 2 and 3
 
40. In India, cluster bean (Guar) is traditionally used as a vegetable or animal feed, but recently the cultivation of this has assumed significance. Which one of the following statements is correct in this context?
(a) The oil extracted from seeds is used in the manufacture of biodegradable plastics
(b) The gum made from its seeds is used in the extraction of shale gas
(c) The leaf extract of this plant has the properties of anti-histamines
(d) It is a source of high quality biodiesel
 
41. Which of the following have coral reefs?
1. Andaman and Nicobar Islands
2. Gulf of Kachchh
3. Gulf of Mannar 4. Sunderbans
Select the correct answer using the code given below.
(a) 1, 2 and 3 only     (b) 2 and 4 only
(c) 1 and 3 only         (d) 1, 2, 3 and 4
 
42. In India, the problem of soil erosion is associated with which of the following?
1.Terrace cultivation
2. Deforestation
3. Tropical climate’
Select the correct answer using the code given below.
(a) I and 2 only  (b) 2 only
(c) 1 and 3 only  (d) 1, 2 and 3
 
43. The seasonal reversal of winds is the typical characteristic of
(a) Equatorial climate
(b) Mediterranean climate
(c) Monsoon climate
(d) All of the above climates
 
44. With reference to the cultural history of India, the term ‘Panchayatan’ refers to
(a) an assembly of village elders
(b) a religious sect
(c) a style of temple construction
(d) an administrative functionary
 
45. Consider the following rivers:
  1. Barak      2. Lohit     3. Subansiri
Which of the above flows / flow through Arunachal Pradesh?
(a) 1 only              (b) 2 and 3 only
(c) 1 and 3 only   (d) 1, 2 and 3
 
46. Consider the following pairs :
Wetlands : Confluence of rivers
1. Harike Wetlands : Confluence of Beas and Satluj/Sutlej
2. Keoladeo Ghana National Park :Confluence of Banas and Chambal
3. Kolleru Lake :Confluence of Musi and Krishna
Which of the above pairs is/are correctly matched?
(a) 1 only                        (b) 2 and 3 only
(e) 1 and 3 only             (d) 1, 2 and 3
 
47. Which one of the following pairs does not form part of the six systems of Indian Philosophy?
(a) Mimamsa and Vedanta
(b) Nyaya and Vaisheshik
(c) Lokayata and Kapalika
(d) Sankhya and Yoga
 
48. Consider the following pairs : Hills Region
1. Cardamom Hills Coromandel Coast
2. Kaimur Hills Konkan Coast
3. Mahadeo Hills Central India
4. Mikir Hills North-East India
Which of the above pairs are correctly matched?
(a) 1 and 2     (b) 2 and 3
(c) 3 and 4    (d) 2 and 4
 
49. Which one of the following Schedules of the Constitution of India contains provisions regarding anti-defection?
(a) Second Schedule  (b) Fifth Schedule
(c) Eighth Schedule   (d) Tenth Schedule
 
50. The most important strategy for the conservation of biodiversity together with traditional human life is the establishment of
(a) biosphere reserves
(b) botanical gardens
(e) national parks
(d) wildlife sanctuaries
 
51. Turkey is located between
(a) Black Sea and Caspian Sea
(b) Black Sea and Mediterranean Sea
(c) Gulf of Suez and Mediterranean Sea
(d) Gulf of Aqaba and Dead Sea
 
52. What is the correct sequence of occurrence of the following cities in South-East Asia as one proceeds from south to north?
1. Bangkok   2. Hanoi
3. Jakarta    4. Singapore
Select the correct answer using the code given below.
(a) 4-2-1-3     (b) 3-2-4-1
(c) 3-4-1-2     (d) 4-3-2-1
 
53. The scientific view is that the increase in global temperature should not exceed 2 °C above pre-industrial level. If the global temperature increases beyond 3 °C above the pre-industrial level, what can be its possible impact/impacts on the world?
1. Terrestrial biosphere tends toward a net carbon source
2. Widespread coral mortality will occur.
3. All the global wetlands will permanently disappear.
4.Cultivation of cereals will not be possible anywhere in the world.
Select the correct answer using the code given below.
(a) 1 only                   (b) 1 and 2 only
(c) 2, 3 and 4 only   (d) 1, 2, 3 and 4
 
54. The national motto of India, ‘Satyameva Jayate’ inscribed below the Emblem of India is taken from
(a) Katha Upanishad            (b) Chandogya Upanishad
(c) Aitareya Upanishad        (d) Mundaka Upanishad
 
55. In the Constitution of India, promotion of international peace and security is included in the
(a) Preamble to the Constitution
(b) Directive Principles of State Policy

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